Protocol in the science of communication between human beings is the general rules relating to appearance and talk and listen and understand all of these protocols are talking protocols and thus represents different layers of communication and used for the success of the communication process and we treat with it as a taste of the basics of the rules of social affairs, but it has spread in recent years in all matters relating to information technology, starting from the computer to e-mail to the world of telephone and ending with the Internet.
Applicable protocols on computers and networks have not a way to learn the protocols and the architects of this network try to type rules that must be followed strictly to succeed, communication and networking between them and the rules are different layers of complexity in short, how communication and language used in dealing with other computers.
The widespread use of communications protocols are the foundation of the Internet and the largest shareholder in the power and success and most important of these protocols are Internet Protocol and IP Transport Control Protocol TCP and the term TCP / IP protocols to the group used the Internet has developed object-oriented programming Object-oriented programming to include the so-called programming protocols which are based communication and connectivity between objects and code.
Protocol in the computing means a set of rules used by computers to communicate with each with each other through a network of networks is thus a tradition or a standard and not a condition to be between a computer and another may be communication between the two Router or between phone and computer ....... Etc.
Therefore Valbertokol In its simplest form is defined as the set of rules governing the format and the meanings and the level of synchronization for any type of communication protocols have been solid by hardware or software or by a combination between the two.
Months kinds of protocols:
Internet Protocol IP: Protocol is used in data communication via the Internet through a series of packets from the computer (source) destined to the computer based on the address of each of them for this purpose, the protocol defines ways to develop online titles.
Transport Control Protocol TCP: is one of the basic protocols in the Internet as a package deal of data transfers on the minimum level of computer to track a specific message through the Internet and controlling the e-mail and file transfer.
Examples of the most important protocols:
- UDP (User Datagram Protocol)
- DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol)
- HTTP (Hypertext Transfer Protocol)
- FTP (File Transfer Protocol)