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Shvoong Home>Law & Politics>salient features of Indian Constitution Summary

salient features of Indian Constitution

Article Summary   by:soham     Original Author: soham
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The Constitution of India is a comprehensive document containing elaborate details with the aim of providing Good Governance to its people who are themselves the Authors thru'' their elected representatives in the Constituent Assembly. It is comprising of 395 articles and 10 schedules.It has been amended several times to meet the changing needs of a vibrant society.
The Constitution of India is the longest and the lengthiest Constitution of all Constitutions in the World.
The Constitution starts with a Preamble setting out the objective of welfare of its'' people as the principal aim to be achieved so that every citizen lives happily and in harmony with each other.
The chapters on fundamental rights and Directive principles of State Policy embody a scheme to makle India a truly Welfare State. The essence of these provisions is the attainment of happiness and good of the people.
The Constitution of India establishes a Parliamentatry form of Government both at the Centre and the States. In this respect the Constitution makers adopted the British Model in toto.The Government is responsible to the Legislature.Though the President is the Constitutional head of the State the real power is vested in the Council of Ministers headed by the Prime Minister.The Council of Ministers is collectively responsible to the Lower House(Lok Sabha).The members of the Lok Sabha are elected directly by the People.This type of Government is called "Responsible Government".
A written Constitution is generally said to be rigid. The Indian Constitution though written is sufficiently Flexible.It is only a few provisions of the Constitution which can be amended by a Special Majority of Parliament. That is why it has been amended 79 times so far.
Fundamental Rights are guaranteed to every citizen of India in Part 3 of the Constitution and are deemed to be a distinguishing feature of a democratic State.Whenever these Rights are violated the courts in India
Published: July 04, 2007   
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