FUNDAMENTAL RIGHTS IN INDIA
The fundamental rights in India for the indian citizen has elaborated in INDIAN CONSTITION from article 12 to 35 in part 3rd.Inthis regard, the framers of the constitution derived insipration from the Bill of Rights of the U.S.A. Constitution.
Part 3rd of the constitution is rightly described as the MAGNA CARTA of INDIA.It contains a very long list of fundamental rights.The fundamental rights are guaranteed by the constitution to all persons without any descrimination. The uphold the equality of all individuals, the dignity of the individual, the larger public interest and the unity of nation.
The fundamental rights are named so because they are guaranteed and protected by the constitution, which is fundamental law of the land. They are fundamental also in the sense that they are most essential for all round development of the individuals.
Originally, the constitution provided for seven fundamental rights but by 44th amendment act 1978 the right property has deleted. So now there are only six fundamental rights in the constitution. They are- 1. Right to Equality, 2. Right to Freedom, 3.Right against Exploitation, 4.Right to freedom of Religion, 5.Cultural and Educational Rights, 6.Right to constitutional Remedies.
Above are the constitutional provision but on the ground level things are not accordingly. We can see this in general walk of life. In my own opinion only provisions about fundamental rights are not enough, but we need effective machinary to emplement the '' values'' of fundamental rights.For the ordinary person the emplimention of the provision is more crucial then the provision.
Apart from my above view on the constitutional provision it is significant in following manner :
1. They constitute the bedrock of democratic system in the country.
2. They provide necessary conditions for the material and moral protection of man.
3. They serve as a formidable bulwark of indivdual liberty.
4. They facilitate the establishment of rule of law in the country.
5. They protect the interests of minorities and weaker sections of society.
6. They strengthen te secular fabric of the Indian State.
7. They check the absolutencess of the authroity of the government.
8. They lay down the foundation stone of social equality the social justice.