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KABIR

Book Summary   by:Nitish1994     Original Author: Nitish Nivedan
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KABIR Kabir was born in born 1440, in Benares, India. Kabir was born a Shudra (lowest caste) and therefore never had access to Sanskrit and was most probably an illiterate. He was also born at a time when Hinduism and Muslim religion had been degraded to superstitions and mere rituals. He lived for more than 100 years and is believed to have relinquished his body in 1518. This period of time is also known as the beginning of Bhakti Movement (India). Kabir was born to a Hindu Brahmin widow but was later adopted by childless Muslim weavers. Early in life he became a disciple of the Hindu ascetic. Kabir ranks among the world''''s greatest poets. Kabir did not classify himself as Hindu or Muslim, Sufi or Bhakta. In India, he is perhaps the most quoted author, with the exception of Tulsidas. Kabir has criticized perhaps all existing sects in India; still he is mentioned with respect by most of the authors. Kabir believed in self-surrender and God''''s bhakti. Hindus and Turks alike accept his Sakhi. The Holy Guru Granth Sahib contains over 500 verses by Kabir. Kabir is also considered one of the early northern India Sants. Ramananda initiated him. One source for modern adaptations of Kabir''''s poetry is Robert Bly''''s. His work consists of many short didactic poems, often expressed in terse vigorous language in the form of Padas, Dohas, and Ramainis. He contributed to the Adi Granth, comprising 541 different verses arranged under 17 different ragas, exceeds that of any other devote. Kabir once said to his pupils “God is the breath inside the breath.” Kabir''''s contributions are the largest. He lived in the fifteenth century which was a time of great political upheaval in India.
As is true of many contemporary religious teachers, very little reliable information concerning Kabir''''s life is available, though there is no dearth of legend around him. His life was centred around Kashi, also called Banaras (Varanasi). According to Kabir, all life is interplay of two spiritual principles. It is Kabir''''s view that salvation is the process of bringing into union these two divine principles. The social and practical manifestation of Kabir''''s philosophy has rung through the ages. It represented a synthesis of Hindu, and Muslim concepts. From Hinduism he accepts the concept of reincarnation and the law of Karma. From Islam he takes the outer practices of Indian Sufi ascetics and Sufi mysticism. Not only has Kabir influenced Muslims and Hindus but he is one of the major inspirations behind Sikhism as well He had enormous influence on Indian philosophy and on Hindi poetry. After his great contribution to the Indian society, he died in 1518, in Maghar, India.When he died, his Hindu and Muslim followers started fighting about the last rites. The legend is that when they lifted the cloth covering his body, they found flowers instead. The Muslim followers buried their half and the Hindu cremated thier half. In Maghar, his tomb and samadhi still stand side by side.
Published: February 02, 2008   
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  1. 1. Salman Chopra

    GOOD JOB

    good, i like it.

    0 Rating Wednesday, February 20, 2008
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