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Shvoong Home>Law & Politics>Criminal Law>Psychological Positivism. Violence and Criminal Behaviour/A Soul Summary

Psychological Positivism. Violence and Criminal Behaviour/A Soul

Article Summary   by:Cathie     Original Author: Marie Mieny
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Psychological Positivism :  Are Violence and criminal behaviour a mental illness? Psyhological positivism sets the question : Are violence and criminal behaviour the results of a mental illness? Englander discusses  (2003-72) o a study that was held in Switzerland in which 893 patients had revised their medical records. From those that got rid, 28% had committed a crime within 10 yers. Those criimes had all all to do with property and violence and most of them were pets and more of thereatening nature.It was found that only the schizophrenic ones had committed severe crimes of violence. The study threfore proves that there''s a big danger of crimes among the mentally sick ones. A less clear image that immerses from a danger increases viloent criminality. According to Englander, studies have therefore proven that there''s a connection between criminality and mental illnesses. According to reserach and premises on wiich positivism is based, what everyone should do and ensure a correct diagnosis of the individual and prescribes a solution thereon. Positivism has significantly contributed to the explanation of criminal behaviour and shows there''s a connection between criminal behaviour and psychological abnormality in the individual. This may be seen in the research seen from a high view. In order to show how this has contributed to the System of Justice for the Crime in South Africa, an accusation can be refered for obesrvation in a psychatric hospital  assigned by the state and for more than 30 days. According to sections 77 and 79 of the Criminal Proces Act 1997 9Act no 51 of 1977), the accused one may be found to be mentally ill, at the time of the committed offence, to bear the proof or not, to have the ability to estimate the faultiness of the act in question and act according to this or not.(Pistorius 2005 114). the prolifer well known South African prooves how the contribution of Psycologic proliferation belongs to the criminology field. Prolifer is defined to be a method of technical investigation and the caracteristics of behaviour of the offender is based on the analysis of crimes (of he crime) that he/she has committed 9Pistolus 20058.6).It is important to investigate an event or act the ways it makes the scope of investigation smaller.
Proliferation is trying to base its study on the needs of the individual by abducting the kind of person that individual may be. Micki Psitorius who is the proliferator of South America bases a great part of his analysis on the Psychological theory of Sigmund Freud. She mentions in her book, that the Serial Murder Proliferators and other crimes in South Africa, are based on Freud''s theory of topology and phases of psychosexual development. In her book that describes prolification, she shows that there''s a correlation between innormality within most of cases. When she prolifed the Serial Murder pHeonix (Sipho Agmatir Twata), pistorius predicted that the offender was not suffering from a mental disorder, and that the offender was healthy and knew what he was doing, he was also going to suffer from a disorder of personality of antisocial desorder or narcissism. Upon his attestation and after being interviewed by Pistorius, he confirmed that his prolife was 99% exact. Sh interviewed the mother and sister of Tawla who confirmed that his agression break out had given them fear, and they described him as a person of high temperament and dangerous. In the case of the 9Norman Azval simorie struggler Pictorius correctly believed that his motives had had a kind of revenge, as he had been sodomised when he was a young boy. She also predicted correctly that he had psychopathetic tendence, as well as peadophilic and that he was manipulative and had not felt guilty. The result was that Norman Simon had been inside and outside psychiatric hospitals and a nurse of an institution had diagnosed a personality deorder on the point that incorporates psychopathetic tendance. There are already two examples of how Psychological positivism is used by criminal justice and how much a contribution is important to it.
Published: January 31, 2010   
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