The Indian judicial system is a single united system. At the top is the supreme court, below that thehigh court and at thedistrict level the subordinate courts. By single and united is meant that, all cases from the lower courts can be taken in appeal to the higher courts and ultimately to the Supreme Court.
The Supreme Court is the highest court of justice in India. It consists of a Chief justice and not more than 25 other judges. All the judges of the supreme court of India, including the chief justice are appointed by the president. A judge of the Supreme Court can hold office until the age of 65 years, unless he or she resigns or is removed. The decisions of the Supreme Court are binding on the executive, and the judgments passed by it are binding on all the courts of the country.
Removal of a Supreme Court judge
A judge of the Supreme Court can be removed from office on the ground of proved misbehavior or incapacity by an order of the president only and that too, after impeachment by each house of parliament supported by a majority of the total membership of that houses and majority of not less than two-thirds of the members present and voting in the same session.
The system perhaps had some valid arguments before 1985, when girls were not eligible for equal rights with boys for parental property. Now that girl is also given the right to her parental there is no reason for payment of dowry. However, custom and practice take precedence before law and the evil continues. Separate courts have been established to try and decide cases of harassment of women. But very few dare to approach the courts or seek a divorce, which is also permissible under law. Education aloe does not appear to be a solution as it is the educated young men who are more responsible for this evil than the uneducated.