Brain injury occurs as a result of sudden and severe trauma to the brain, resulting in partial or complete loss of several important functions like memory loss (temporary or permanent, selective or complete), paralysis of one, more or all limbs, lapse into vegetative state or even regression into a comatose state, from which the patient may never ever recover.
• Victims invariably need special medical attention for the rest of their lives.
• The brain is not only very delicate but also the most important organ of the human body.
• It is protected from injury and damage by the thick, strong and bony skull as and is generally able to remain unaffected by most types of blows.
• However, there are certain serious types of accidents which may overcome this protective barrier and result in major damage to the brain.
• Since brain is the master controller of all major functions of the human body, any damage to this organ has an irreversible damage to the entire life of the affected individual.
What problems do victims of severe trauma to the brain have to face?
• Brain injury occurs as a result of severe damage to the skull and underlying brain tissue. More often than not, it results in early death or permanent disability.
• The actual extent and duration of consequences of this depend upon how severe the actual damage is. The adverse effects range from short term loss of consciousness, memory loss, impairment of vision, hearing, impaired mobility to life long paralysis, memory damage and impairment of cognitive, physiological and physical functions. In extreme cases, patients may enter into coma or a vegetative, brain-dead state.
• Prior to advances in medical science, patients of injury to the brain mostly failed to survive and succumbed to their injuries
• Modern medicine has markedly reduced the mortality rate, but there is still not assurance that the quality of life of these patients will ever improve.
• Thus, while the life of the patient may be saved, patient may continue to require intense medical attention forever.
• Along with the problems faced by the patient, his or family also has to undergo severe stress- emotionally, economically and socially. It is a major responsibility to provide special care to these victims.Dispensing legal aid to victims:
• Brain Injury is not an everyday occurrence, as a strong, hard to penetrate skull protects this organ. It is generally a result of a very major accident or even deliberate violence.
• Thus, it might be necessary in these circumstances to obtain some kind of a legal aid for these patients.
• Legal aid might also be required to deal with resolution of medical bills, healthcare insurance claims etc.
• Initial treatment and aftercare of these patients has a major adverse impact on the finances of patient and family members. Thus, many families may look upon enlisting of legal aid as an unwanted, unnecessary or extra addition to their already stretched budget. However, a legal counsel actually helps in better management of finances and obtaining better care for these patients.