Menahem Begin, biography and the beginning of his way:
Menahem Begin was born in August 1913 in Brisk and passed away in march 1992.
Back in his home, Begin absorbed the Zionist-jewish adjucation and soon turned deeply involved with the realization of Zionism.
In his youth, Begin actively participated in "Hashomer Hatsa'ir" (the young watchman) youth movement and afterwards, in 1929, he joined "Beitar" movement (Joseph Trumpeldor Treaty) which was founded in 1923.
Slowly but surely, Begin became the head of the movement in Poland.
In 1944 Begin arrived in the land of Israel and became the chief of the "Ezel" organization (Fighting Militant Organization), which struggled against the British rule in the country.
His political life: Begin was a very significant politician and held a position in each and every one of the first ten Knessets (the Israeli Parliament).
In 1948 he founded the "Herut" (freedom) party which was considered as a radical right-wing party and espused the wholeness of the homeland and the freedom of mankind.
Begin's party failed to achieve wide success among the voters and was forced to take a part in the opposition until 1965, facing the dominance of the Israeli Labor party, "Mapai".
In 1965, the Herut party and the Liberal party were united and established Gahal - the Liberal Freedom coalition.
In 1967 Begin first entered a coalition as a part of a national unity-government and served as a minister without portfolio.
In 1973, Gahal leaded by Begin consolidated with other parties and founded the "Likud" (Consolidation) with the leadership of Begin.
In 1977 Begin, leading the Likud, won the elections for the 9th Knesset and thus became the sixth prime minister of Israel.
As a prime minister he obtained many achievements and later was elected for a second term.
In 1979, six months after signing the Camp-David agreement, Begin signed the peace treaty with Egypt, alongside Anwar Sadat, the Egyptian president. Begin became the first Israeli prime minister to sign a peace treaty with an Arab country.That year he also won the Nobel prize for peace for that action.
The Egyptian's condition for peace was the evacuation of the entire peninsula of Sinai, therefore Begin was obligated to order the transfer of Jewish settlers from Sinai to Israel.
In 1980 Begin also became the defense minister and a year later he commanded to attack the nuclear reactor in Iraq, being objected to strong criticism on the part of the left wing, but now that we have the perspective, we can see that the bombing was necessary for the sake of the nation's safety.
In 1981 Begin was once again chosen for prime minister, after winning the elections with the difference of only one seat against the Labor party (47-48).
The Likud won these elections thanks to Begin's amazing rhetoric ability, which attracted the masses.
In 1983, in light of the large scale disagreement in the Israeli public regarding the "Galilee welfare " (Lebanon war) war, Begin was forced to resign.
In 1992, the sixth prime minister of Israel passed away and was buried on the Olive mount in Jerusalem.