1001 about pregnancy
Pregnancy is a remarkable event, especially for women who experience it first time. Therefore require thorough preparation.
Pregnancy period is divided into 3 trimesters. Three phase has emotional and physical development of unique and different.
The first trimester (weeks 1-12)
At this time usually pregnant women are still wondering whether the right has been pregnant? Signs of early pregnancy such as nausea and vomiting due to hormonal changes occur in this trimester. Changes in habits such as smoking, drinking alcohol, should be discontinued at this time. Begin to drink the special milk of pregnant women early in pregnancy. Learn also taboo food and drink to young pregnant women.
Signs of pregnancy
• Late menstruation
• Frequent urination
• Breast pain
• Quick tired
• Emotions rise
Second trimester (weeks 13-28)
Nausea and vomiting begin to disappear. Babies thrive in this period and began to move. Minor sports, hygiene and diet of pregnant women is needed in this period.
Third trimester (week 29 - delivery)
The pregnant woman''s body look bigger. Sometimes pregnant women should practice deep breathing to provide sufficient oxygen to the baby. Pregnant women need adequate rest, do not stand for long, and do not lift heavy items at this time.
Pregnancy complications commonly experienced by pregnant women:
Not a few pregnant women experience bleeding. This condition occurs in early pregnancy (first trimester), the middle of the semester (second trimester) or even during late pregnancy (third trimester). Bleeding in pregnancy is an abnormal situation, so be wary. There are several causes of bleeding experienced by pregnant women. Each case appears in a particular phase. Pregnant women who experience bleeding should be evaluated to determine the cause could be done for proper medical solutions to save the pregnancy. Sometimes pregnancy can be saved, However not infrequently fail. Examination was conducted on the examination content is accompanied by the submission of several questions related to the occurrence of bleeding. If the investigation needs to be done like ultrasonographi (ultrasound) and laboratory examination.
Some causes of bleeding that occurs in the first three months of gestation:
• Blighted ovum
• hydatidiform mole
• Pregnancy outside of the womb
Is a result of pregnancy or conception conception located outside the uterine cavity, such as occurs in the fallopian tubes (tubes), ovaries or abdominal cavity. This has led to bleeding in the stomach and can cause shock.
2. Gestational diabetes
There is another complication of pregnancy is called gestational diabetes, the pregnancy in which women experience high blood sugar levels because the body does not quite produce enough insulin. Insulin is a hormone produced by the pancreas that make the cell change sugar into energy or useful fuel. If diabetes is not treated during pregnancy, will affect the fetus. The baby will be born with excess weight or greater.
3. Placenta praevia
a) in the second trimester
Pregnancy where the placenta is under the cover of the birth canal, so that if there is a contraction will cause bleeding. If in the case of placenta previa bleeding that occurred not too much, pregnant women can be treated. Opportunities pregnancy continued until enough months of gestation is still open. But when bleeding a lot, forced to do a cesarean section with the consequences of premature birth.
b) in the third trimester
Low-lying placenta and may continue until the third trimester placenta Solution: It is the release of partial placenta before the baby is born, its cause, especially when patients suffer from hypertension, preeclampsia, or folic acid deficiency occurs trauma (impact). When cases of bleeding placenta solution is still alive, must be performed a cesarean section. But if the baby has died then it tries born by normal delivery with strict medical supervision.
4. Premature Birth
Premature birth is all births that occurred long before normal delivery date.
5. Weak cervix
Cervix weak cervix is not closed, even to open his own without any contractions or encouragement from her mother. consequences will occur atapun miscarriage premature babies.
6. Abruptio placenta
Abruptio placenta is a state in which the placenta is not attached to the uterine wall. This happens at the end of kadua trimester and early third trimester. due to this condition of food and oxygen supply to the fetus would be halted. if this is not immediately in tanggulali will cause bleeding that ended in miscarriage.
7. Pre-eclampsia (hypertension of pregnancy)
if the mother is pregnant at diagnosis had pre-eclampsia, the usual recommended treatment therapy is to reduce blood pressure with diet, reducing stress, getting enough sleep or meditation. Can also be given a sedative for pregnant women quiet and adequate rest. However, if the month is enough, it is advisable to make deliveries to avoid going circumstances that endanger the mother and fetus, such as seizures.
8. Pregnancy outside the uterus
Pregnancy outside the uterus occurs when the process of fertilization and implantation occurs not in the womb, but in other places, for example at the top of the wall of the uterus.
symptoms are pain in the pelvis and bleeding. This problem is usually resolved by abort content. this is done to avoid damage to the fallopian tubes and surrounding areas.
9. Spina bifida
Spina bifida is the failure of the formation of the spine, so that vessels nerves in the lower spine area is not protected.