BACKGROUND: According to correlation of "acu-points-meridians-viscera-target-organs", two administration ways of acu-point application and oral medication have been used to treat osteoporosis, both ways can effect via "kidney-meridian tropism" however whether there is a specificity of target-administration﹖OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of different administration ways of kidney-strengthening remedy on "yang abating and yin hoarding" of osteocytes in experimental osteoporosis by observation the correlation between "receptor and meridian-tropism".DESIGN: A randomized and controlled trial of different administration ways of kidney-strengthening remedy, taking rats with osteoporosis as subject.SETTING: Departments of Prescription Science and Biochemistry of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) Collage, Hebei Medical University, and Qiaodong District Hospital of Shijiazhuang City.MATERIALS: The experiment was completed from June 2004 to May 2005 at the Laboratory of Integrative Medicine Basis of Hebei Medical University. Totally 120 SD rats, aged 3 months and of clean grade, were at random divided into 6 groups: normal control, pathological model, kidney strengthening, bladder meridian application, kidney meridian application and non-special application groups, with either sex being 10 in each group. The kidney strengthening remedy mainly consisted of fortune's Dry Naria Flavoniods and Icarine, each gram of fluid extract contained 9.543 g of the crude drug. The application recipe for anti-osteoporosis consisted of Radix Rehmanniae Praeparata, Cortex Moutan Radicis, Herba Epimedii, etc.METHODS: Except for those in normal group, the rats in the other groups were all given injection of dexamethasone to set up the osteoporosis models. The rats in normal control and pathological model groups were not given medicine, the rats in kidney strengthening group were by gavage given kidney strengthening remedy at 0.8 g/100 g wet. The rats in bladder meridian group were treated by anti-osteoporosis application at the points of Shenshu (BL 23) and Feiyang (BL 58) of the bladder meridian the rats in kidney meridian group were treated by anti-osteoporosis application at the points of Taixi (KI 3 23) and Dazhong (KI 4) of the kidney meridian and the rats in non-special application group were treated by anti-osteoporosis application at the areas of non-point-meridian.
After 13 weeks administration, the rats were put to death, the concentrations of serum estradiol, testosterone, calcitonin and parathyroid hormone were detected with radio-immunoassay, and both the dynamic and static status parameters about bone morphosis were also measured.MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: ① Estradiol, testosterone, estradiol/testosterone, bone mineral density, calcitonin, parathyroid hormone, and calcitonin/parathyroid hormone of rats in each group after administration ② Both the dynamic and static status parameters about bone morphosis of rats in each group after administration.RESULTS: All rats involved in the trial entered the final result analysis. ① The results of biochemical indexes of the rats in each group after administration: Compared with normal control group, the levels of estradiol, testosterone, estradiol/testosterone, bone mineral density, calcitonin and calcitonin/parathyroid hormone of the rats in pathological and non-special application groups after administration were remarkably decreased (P < 0.01), but the level of parathyroid hormone was obviously increased (P < 0.01) however for the levels of the above indexes of rats in kidney strengthening, bladder meridian application and kidney meridian application groups there were obvious changes (all P > 0.05). ② The results of dynamic and static status parameters about bone morphosis of rats in each group after administration: Compared with normal group, in pathological and non-special application groups the volume percentage of bone trabecula, surface percentage of bone trabecula, formation surface percen