The Food Guide Pyramid is one way for people to understand how to eat healthy.Here''s what the colors stand for: orange - grains green - vegetables red - fruits yellow - fats and oils blue - milk and dairy products purple - meat, beans, fish, and nuts The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) changed the pyramid in spring 2005 because they wanted to do a better job of telling Americans how to be healthy.In other words, have foods from every color, every day.That''s because you need less of those kinds of foods than you do of fruits, vegetables, grains, and dairy foods.That''s designed to show you that not all foods are created equal, even within a healthy food group like fruit.
An ounce equivalent equals: 1 piece of bread 1/2 cup of cooked cereal, like oatmeal 1/2 cup of rice or pasta 1 cup of cold cereal * 4- to 8-year-olds need 4-5 ounce equivalents each day. Here''s how much you need: * 4- to 8-year-olds need 1-1 1/2 cups of fruit each day. * 4- to 8-year-olds need 1-2 cups of milk (or another calcium-rich food) each day. * 9- to 13-year-old girls need 3 cups of milk (or another calcium-rich food) each day. * 9- to 13-year-old boys need 3 cups of milk (or another calcium-rich food) each day.Like grains, these foods are measured in ounce equivalents. An ounce equivalent of this group would be: 1 ounce of meat, poultry, or fish 1/4 cup cooked dry beans 1 egg 1 tablespoon of peanut butter a small handful of nuts or seeds * 4- to 8-year-olds need 3-4 ounce equivalents each day.