IN most of the country ,it is the most common form of cancer afflicting women. The world over ,infection by the human papilomavirus is the primary cause for this form of cancer.This virus is transmitted sexually.There are also low risk that cause genital warts.However,even if a women is infected with a high risk HPV type,chancesare thst her immune system will clear it from the body.Only asmall proportion of such women develop pre-cancerous lesions,and fewer still get cervical cancer.
In the developed countries,cervical cancer rates have been slashed;women thereby undergo PAPsmear test for early signs.AS there are no organised screening programme for cervical cancer in india
TREATMENT;in the pre- cancerous stage are easily treated by simple surgery. VACCINES USED FOR IT IS VERY COST-cervarix is effective against HPV 16 and 18 its dont offer protection if women have got infected by those HPV type prior to vaccination.
The three dose of Merck vaccine needed to immunise a person cost an estimated $360 in the US