Search
×

Sign up

Use your Facebook account for quick registration

OR

Create a Shvoong account from scratch

Already a Member? Sign In!
×

Sign In

Sign in using your Facebook account

OR

Not a Member? Sign up!
×

Sign up

Use your Facebook account for quick registration

OR

Sign In

Sign in using your Facebook account

Shvoong Home>Medicine & Health>Routine HIV Testing in Botswana: A Population-Based Study on Attitudes, Practices, and Human Rights Review

Routine HIV Testing in Botswana: A Population-Based Study on Attitudes, Practices, and Human Rights

Book Review   by:PLoS     Original Authors: Weiser Sheri D; Heisler Michele; Leiter Karen; Percy-de Korte Fiona ; Tlou Sheila; DeMonner Sonya; Phaladze Nthabiseng; Bangsberg David R; Iacopino Vincent
ª
 
Background
The Botswana government recently implemented a policy of routine or opt-out HIV testing in response to the high prevalence of HIV infection, estimated at 37 of adults.



Methods and Findings
We conducted a cross-sectional, population-based study of 1,268 adults from five districts in Botswana to assess knowledge of and attitudes toward routine testing, correlates of HIV testing, and barriers and facilitators to testing, 11 months after the introduction of this policy. Most participants (81) reported being extremely or very much in favor of routine testing. The majority believed that this policy would decrease barriers to testing (89), HIV-related stigma (60), and violence toward women (55), and would increase access to antiretroviral treatment (93). At the same time, 43 of participants believed that routine testing would lead people to avoid going to the doctor for fear of testing, and 14 believed that this policy could increase gender-based violence related to testing. The prevalence of self-reported HIV testing was 48. Adjusted correlates of testing included female gender (AOR 1.5, 95 CI 1.11.9), higher education (AOR 2.0, 95 CI 1.52.7), more frequent healthcare visits (AOR 1.9, 95 CI 1.32.7), perceived access to HIV testing (AOR 1.6, 95 CI 1.12.5), and inconsistent condom use (AOR 1.6, 95 CI 1.22.1). Individuals with stigmatizing attitudes toward people living with HIV and AIDS were less likely to have been tested for HIV/AIDS (AOR 0.7, 95 CI 0.50.9) or to have heard of routine testing (AOR 0.59, 95 CI 0.450.76). While experiences with voluntary and routine testing overall were positive, 68 felt that they could not refuse the HIV test. Key barriers to testing included fear of learning one''s status (49), lack of perceived HIV risk (43), and fear of having to change sexual practices with a positive HIV test (33).



Conclusions
Routine testing appears to be widely supported and may reduce barriers to testing in Botswana. As routine testing is adopted elsewhere, measures should be implemented to assure true informed consent and human rights safeguards, including protection from HIV-related discrimination and protection of women against partner violence related to testing.
Published: July 18, 2006   
Please Rate this Review : 1 2 3 4 5
Translate Send Link Print
X

.