History of You Tube
Out of millions web sites exist today and many are establishing their steps everyday, You tube is the third largest viewing site after Yahoo and Google, has become synonymous to watching movies, clips, TV clips, amateur video blogging, and short amateur original videos as well as uploading personal video clips.
There are two types of viewers of You Tube. Unregistered viewers can see the contents of You Tube, but cannot upload any content; where as registered users can upload any number of videos. The registered account holders are known as “Channels”.
The founders of You Tube are Chad Hurley, Steve Chen and Jawed Karim; who were all ex-Pay Pal employees. The idea of a video sharing company probably came to minds of Chad and Steve, when they found difficulties to share their privately captured videos at a dinner party in Steve’s residence in San Francisco. The story could be a business ploy since Jawed did not corroborate to this plot as
he was not present in that party.
Presently the company is owned by Google Inc, and is operated as a subsidiary of Google. Google Inc. bought it for US$ 1.65 billion in November 2006. The technology that is used for playing video clips etc. is the Adobe Flash Video technology.
The company first started in San Mateo, California above a fast food restaurant ‘Pizzeria’ with a capital influx of $ 11.5 million by Sequoia Capital between Nov. 2005 and April 2006. Its operation commenced with the domain name www.youtube.com, which was activated on 16th February, 2005. The site was continuously developed in the following months for user friendly platforms. The first video uploaded in You Tube is ‘Me at the Zoo’ on 23rd April, 2005, and its contents included one of its founders Jawed Karim in San Francisco zoo. This video can still be enjoyed on the You Tube site.
The official launch of the site occurred in November 2005, but it offered a beta test of the site to the public in May 2005. The initial success was massive, and the subsequent growth was rapid. In July 2006 the company’s announcement of 65000 new videos being uploaded daily made it even more thriving. The viewers’ number increased to 100 millions per day according to the data received from ComScore, who conducted a market research on the subject matter.
MGM, Lions Gate Entertainment, and CBS have signed a contract with You Tube in November ’08 enabling it to show full length movies and television shows on the site along with advertisements. This move has been initiated and finalized to make You Tube at par in the competition with other websites like Hulu, which shows full length materials of NBC and Fox.
Though not same, but the domain name www.youtube.com had a similarity with the domain name www.utube.com that belongs to Universal Tube & Rollform Equipment, created misunderstandings in the viewers of You Tube. The viewers flocked to utube.com in great numbers overloading this site unnecessarily. Universal Tube filed a law suit and finally the domain name of the Universal Tube changed to www.utubeonline.com.
The prevailing rule for uploading videos states that a video should not be more than 10 minutes in length with a maximum file size of 1 GB. This new rule was instituted on March 2006. Prior to this, length more than 10 minutes could be uploaded, and still people who were allowed to do this in the early period, are able to do this.
Although there are restrictions stipulated in the terms and conditions for the type of contents to be uploaded on You Tube, yet some controversial videos can be seen on the site. Due to this aberration, many organizations and countries have filed law suits against this site, or simply have banned this site in their countries by blocking method. China, Iran, Morocco, and Thailand have banned this site from the time of its launch. Turkey has banned the site after it found a video on Mustafa kemal Ataturk deemed to be insulting in nature. But the site is accessible by using an open proxy, admitted Turkey’s Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdogan to the journalists.
Pakistan banned this site on February 2008 on the reason of offensive materials on Islamic faith, and eventually the site went into a black out near globally for two hours. The block out was withdrawn on 26th February 2008.
Copyrights and Inappropriate Contents are two areas where You Tube is facing difficulties in spite of its strict information provided in the page appear just before uploading any video.
Uploading of videos can be done in most format namely .WMV, .AVI, .MOV, MPEG, .MP4, DivX, .FLV, .OGG. Videos can also be uploaded from mobile phones directly since it supports 3GP.
Google CEO, Eric G. Schmidt announced in Paris on 19th June 2007 the localized
versions of websites as given below.
Republic of China (Taiwan)
Down loading of You Tube contents are not permissible except a few allowed by
the site. However, through third party web sites, applications, and browser
Plug-ins, down load is possible.