The diagnosis principle which implies to take into count the medical history of one patient before to drive a meticulous exam was perfected to XIX century. The most remarkable in this development were the members of Vienna School, pretended nihilistic, which had estimated that the therapy was so poor that the most great’s doctors will be better to devoted their diagnosis rather than using the intolerant therapy. Regardless the merits of this orientation, his mainly supporter, the Czech doctor Joseph Skoda, set in place the diagnosis process such as it’s using today.
Psychiatry: the roots of modern psychiatry go up to last years of XVIII century, when the French doctor Philippe Pinel begins to change the treatment of persons suffering of psychosis. These patients had been clocked and unchained to walls until to 1798. Pinel remove the chains of patients of Kremlin Bicêtre hospital to Paris and began to consider the psychotics like the patients and the psychiatry like a medicine field rather than like a penology branch. These highlights means to consider this things
have been developed until that the end of last quarter of XIX century, or the psychiatry were dominated by two personalities. Emil Kraepelin in Germany and Sigmund Freud to Vienna.
The Krapelin’s work was before all to demonstrating that the psychiatry like discipline could be submitted to same rigorous norms of the research of others medical disciplines, then that Freud, revolutionized the understanding of unconscious and the treatment of nervosas of angst. The Freud’s idea concerning the unconscious and the sense of dreams have not only had one impact of the psychiatry but on the rest of medicine and then equally on the anthropology, the sociology and the arts.