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We can get bruises from bumping
into objects without knowing, getting hit by objects or falling over. Black
bruises are formed when the blood vessels beneath the skin are damaged. When
the blood pigment is absorbed the bruise becomes blue. Bruises and swelling are
more obvious in areas with particularly thin skin. Women tend to bruise more
easily than men because women have thinner layers of skin, their tissues are
more likely to get thrombocytopenia – a lack of platelets in the blood.
With aging, connective tissues
that protect the blood vessels start to break and weaken, thus becoming more
vulnerable to bruising. Long hours exposure to the sun can also cause weakening
of the connective tissue and other elastic fibers, increasing the likelihood of
the epithelium blood vessel damaged, so areas most vulnerable to the sun such
as the hand and the back of the arm can get easily damaged. Bruises easily form when there is
an insufficient number of blood, or when the number of blood platelets is
normal but their function are poor. There are different diseases that cause
abnormality of the blood platelet and in these cases the sources must be found.
In relation to medications for
arthritis, or from medications such as diuretics or warfarin that impede on the
clotting of the blood. Apirin disturbs the functioning of platelets this
causing bruises to form easily and preventing the stopping of the nosebleeds.
Furthermore, when steroids are used for a long time to treat long lasting
hives, atopic dermatitis or bronchial asthma, they can cause bruises to form
more easily. When there is an abnormality with blood clotting, bruises can also
If the bruises have just formed,
immediately press down on it using a wet towel wrapped around ice for 7
minutes. This prevents blood from coming out of the blood vessel, reducing the
chance of farming a bruise. Two days after getting a bruise apply a heat pack
of it. This will accelerate the circulation of the blood to help the body clean
up the red blood that have come out from their tissues. People with weak blood
vessels should take plenty of protein and vitamin C as well as eating plenty of
fruit and vegetable.
It is very important to avoid
smoking or drinking and to have a balanced intake of nutrients. If the bruises
form easily while taking aspirin or ibuprofen, switch to Tylenol. If a person
bruises easily, or has frequent bleeding or nose bleeding and if the person
does not eat well, leukemia should be suspected. It takes a while for bruises
to be absorbed again if the bruising is deep, but they will disappear in the
end the commonly known as of rubbing the bruise with an egg is not medically
proven to be effective.