she is a branch of scientific life that deal in the gardens, in the heredity and in the difference between organisms. the people began in the application of the genetics already in the yore, with their domestication and increase of plants and animals. in the modern study ,the genetics provides tools to the inquiry of will order of every garden and garden, and she enables test the reciprocal action of rule of the gardens in the organism. in most of the productions of the hereditary substance is found in the chromosomes,inside molecules dnaתחומים bgntikhtaot prevalent she to see in the genetics of science that deals mainly in genetic engineering : Most of the study in the surrounded genetics around the experience to explain influenced of defended hpnotipim and you their influence of the gardens on populations. molecular biology she is the science that plant as a result from the incorporation between biochemistry and genetics and deals in the research of the molecular rudiments of my process hshcpol, shatok and translation of the hereditary substance. genomics is new field relatively, that plant altogether with the technological progress that enabled the consecutive documentation of gnomim complete ( gnom the person, gnom the mouse, gnom the rice and more ). this field deals in the experience to locate flaxen of gnom that return on themselves in all the details of certain sex,and so typify him. this science combines amongst him also the scientific young branch of bioinformatics , which is the combination between computer science and the biology, in the goal to analyze the biological great information is very. apigntika he is the field that deals in the research of qualities allowed that they are unrelated in the piety to the continuum, dna. the phenomenon hapigntit the most salesman here is the phenomenon of hmtiltsia, in her increase and removal of groups of methyl are chemical to, dna, to the great in my continuum cg ( on the signal c ) influence on expression of gardens.by the same manner known the phenomenon of hatstiltsia which here is increase of groups atstil chemical on histonim ( komplksim albuminous the involved in the structural organization the of, dna ). in the field of theאפיגנטיקה nowadays, great the covert on hngla. project gnom the person does not touch a rule to the aspects hapigntim of hgnom. genetics of compound qualities he is a field that combines a genetics and statistic in the attempt to locate factors of disease are genetic, which their contribution to the effect of the disease is little.Nowadays known that most of the genetic qualities they are compound qualities, ( call also quantitative ), hnkbaot by number of gardens together and mirrors of printing press of compound bequeathing. genetics abolotsionit. tsitogntika. molecular genetics. history by the year of 1865 Documented the monk grgor Mandel heredity of number of qualities by the peas of garden , and showed because exists statistical legality by bequeathing of the qualities. in spite of that not all the qualities that we will examine from idiosyncrasy in the ideal of the bequeathing my Mandel, work of mandel demononstrated the importance that in the application of the statistic in the research of the heredity.
since then and as of this date were built models consist more of heredity. Mandel defined the term '' aponeurosis '' as the unit of the base of the heredity. over the years began the use in the term of garden as synonymous term '' aponeurosis '' as defined Mandel while him, in another that the term '' aponeurosis '' began to point out the form of the concert of certain garden ( for example : Black fur / white fur ). the breakthrough of Mandel and importance of his work were not recognized in another him alive, and only after died a number explore That his business in the field discovered her. Mandel not knew what he the quality of the hereditary substance, and nowadays known that the hereditary information is carried on acids of nucleus from type ( dna ( deoxyribonucleic acid or ( rna ( ribonucleic acid in the number of viruses. mutations , changes in, dna, can change the qualities of production in them happened and also can pass to pass in the heredity insofar as and they occur beta his sex. in the gardens of encoder of information to the synthesis of proteins, theirs central effect on the phenotype of the organism. the concept is scientific life ( life sciences ) describes a group of disciplines in the natural science, that deal in the substance that lives over the earth, in the development of life , in implications of productions of life on the environment and in the reciprocity between productions of life.the term serves mainly bhkshrim academic, when what of faculty to the instruction and to the study in the majority of contacts serve the term as synonymous word to the biology, but bhkshrim other mark a wider field, the made to include also medicine and additional sciences.In the biology, gֵn he is an unit of passed information from organism to his descendants by means of the hereditary substance ( on the way, rule dna or rna ). the hidden information in the gardens determines qualities of the organism actually, the gardens contain '''' instructions of the production '''' to the tens thousands of albuminous the cell, and as such they are responsible to the determination of their absolute majority of qualities of the organism . from examination physically, the gardens are amputate in the basic continuum, dna ( the or, rna ), the