Proper nutrition during pregnancy is essentially based on the same principles as food outside of pregnancy. The diet should be varied, regular, good quality and should include representatives of all food groups, namely cereals, fruits and vegetables, dairy products, meat, eggs, fish and legumes ...
Attention - pregnancy certainly does not mean eating for two! A good assistant who tells you how much and what should you eat during the day, the traditional food pyramid, where each floor contains a food group.The first floor is the broadest and cereals. We should choose mainly whole grain products, which are rich in fiber. Whole grains contain more vitamins and minerals than white flour products.
On the second floor you can find fruits and vegetables, which are again a rich source of fiber, as well as vitamins and minerals. In addition, they contain a lot of healthy substances, protecting our bodies from exposure to harmful factors.
On the third floor zooms back foods rich in quality proteins, which are important for growth and cell renewal. These include milk and dairy products, meat, fish, eggs and pulses. Milk protein, in addition to a rich source of calcium. Calcium is an essential building material of bones and teeth.
In pregnancy often occurs called anemia or anemia. This is a reduced amount of blood pigment (hemoglobin) and red blood cells which carry oxygen. One of the causes of this disease may be a lack of iron. It is red meat from the third floor of the food pyramid is a very rich source of well-absorbable iron. For this reason we should not forget during pregnancy to ensure sufficient consumption of red meat.
Today, there are some uncertainties about fish consumption during pregnancy. Fish in pregnancy are recommended as a good source of iodine, which is important for proper development of your child's nervous system. They are also a source of high quality fats, which are like the aforementioned iodine important for the development of brain tissue. In some marine fish, however, was found relatively high levels of heavy metals that may be toxic to our bodies. Therefore eating fish in pregnancy is advisable or not? We recommend not to give up eating fish, but prefer freshwater fish and herbivorous. It is far less for their iodine content, but it does not matter to us, given that in today's cattle feed enriched with iodine and iodine gets into the milk and milk products. In addition, many mothers receiving iodine supplement form (tablets).
The top floor of the food pyramid are sweets, alcohol and fatty foods. These foods we should be avoided, foods that are low quality and contribute to our fat stores.
Remember also to adequate fluid intake. 2.5 liters of fluid per day and your baby will definitely benefit. Which drinks are suitable for you? They are definitely tea (green, fruit, herb), weakly and moderately mineralized water and fresh fruit and vegetable juices. Proper fluid intake, along with adequate intake of whole grains, fruits and vegetables helps prevent frequent problem during pregnancy, constipation.
Recommended certainly does not avoid any food group. If you are vegetarian, vegan, macrobiotic or other alternative are following the diet, be sure to inform your doctor or consult with expert on nutrition. There are cases where a mother unwittingly harm their child being inappropriately selected dietary restrictions.