Illnesses as the Drop demand changes in the alimentary habit. The symptoms they get worse with the predominance of a rich diet in meats, fruits of sea e foods to hiper calóricos Also known as gotosa artrite, she is one of the registered illnesses more in the history of the Medicine. It is characterized by the increase of the acid úrico in the blood (hiperuricemia), that it can occur due to a bigger production or difficulty to eliminate it for the kidneys. The excess of acid úrico cause serious states of pain, sensitivity, redness, heat and swell of the joints. Main causes: genetic factors associates the excesses in feeding e the alcohol ingestion. Another villain for the drop carriers is the diuréticos, comumente used remedies for people hipertensas and inside of formulas of emagrecer, they contribute for the high levels of acid úrico. Recent studies prove that women hipertensas and that they use diuréticos have the same probability that the men to develop the illness. A great association of the illness also exists the levels high of cholesterol and triglicérides. The excess of acid circulating úrico if transforms into very small crystals in needle format, that if deposits in the joints causing inflammation internal e pain. Generally in the acute phase the manifest drop if with crises to articulate, very painful, with duration of few days or weeks.
The main joints attacks are the dedão of the foot and ankle. But also the knee, elbow, fist, fingers of the hands among others, can to be reached. The person can pass for assintomáticos periods, of months or years, and later to present less intense crises, cronificando illness. The crystals of acid úrico also can be deposited in the renais kidneys, calculations, renal insufficience and increase of the arterial pressure, or in the skin where they form salient caroços (tofos gotosos), over all in the ears and fingers of the hands and the feet. The occurrence of the drop is more frequent in the man of half age, with weight above of the normal one, generally with familiar description of the illness. It is rare in women before of the menopause. The acid úrico is a by-product of some processes that occur in the organism, also the rich food ingestion is formed after in purina, as the red meats, anchovies, vísceras, spinach, asparagi, lentils e other leguminosas, chocolate, beer and wine tinto.