Disorders During Pregnancy Happens
a disorder that causes a temperature greater than 103 º F (39.5 º C)
during the first trimester increases the risk of miscarriage and brain
damage or spinal cord in infants. Fever in late pregnancy increases the risk of premature delivery.
2. Infection: be some chance of infection occurring during pregnancy can cause birth defects. German measles (rubella) can cause birth defects, particularly on the heart and the inside of the eye. Cytomegalovirus infection can cross the placenta and fetal liver and brain damage. Other viral infections that could harm the fetus or cause birth defects, including herpes simplex, and chicken pox (varicella).
3. Disorders that require surgery: during pregnancy, disorders requiring emergency surgery include the stomach may be run. This type of surgery increases the risk of premature birth and lead to miscarriage, especially in early pregnancy. Also, surgery is usually delayed as long as possible unless long-term health of the woman likely be affected.
4. Thromboembolic disease: the United States, thromboembolic disease is the leading cause of death in pregnant women. In thromboembolic disease, blood clots form inside blood vessels. Flow through the bloodstream and block an artery.
5. Anemia: most pregnant women experience some degree of anemia because iron is needed to produce red blood cells in the fetus. Anemia can occur during pregnancy due to deficiency of folic acid. Anemia can usually be prevented or treated using iron and folic acid supplements during pregnancy.
tract infections: urinary tract infections common during pregnancy,
probably due to the widening of the uterus slows the flow of urine by
tapping the pipe that connects the kidney to the bladder (ureters). When urine flow is slow, bacteria can not rinse the urine tract. increase the risk of an infection.
Complications of Pregnancy
1. Hyperemesis gravidarum: hyperemesis gravidarum is a tremendous sense of nausea and vomiting excessively loud during pregnancy. Hyperemesis gravidarum differs from ordinary morning sickness. If
women often suffer from nausea, vomiting and sustained them lose weight
and become dehydrated, they suffer from hyperemesis gravidarum. If women vomit occasionally but gain weight and not dehydrated, they do not have hyperemesis gravidarum. The cause of hyperemesis gravidarum is unknown.
2. Preeclampsia: approximately 5% of pregnant women develop preeclampsia (toxemia of pregnancy). In this complication, the increase in blood pressure accompanied by protein in the urine (proteinuria). Preeclampsia usually occurs between the 20th week of pregnancy and the end of the first week after birth. The cause of preeclampsia is unknown. but
more often in women who are pregnant for the first time, which brings
two or more fetuses, who had preeclampsia in subsequent pregnancies,
which already have high blood pressure or blood vessel disorders, or who
suffer from sickle cell disease. It is also more common in girls aged 15 years or younger and women aged 35 years or older.
3. Diabetes during pregnancy: about 1 to 3% of pregnant women develop diabetes during pregnancy. This disorder is known as gestational diabetes. Undetected
and untreated, gestational diabetes can increase the risk of health
problems of pregnant women and fetuses and the risk of death in the
diabetes is most common in obese women and certain ethnic groups,
especially indigenous people of America, the Pacific islands, and female
Mexican, Indian, and Asian descent.
incompatibility: Rh incompatibility occurs when a pregnant woman has
Rh-negative blood and the fetus has Rh-positive blood, down from fathers
who have Rh-positive blood. Approximately 13% of marriages in the United States, a man who has Rh-positive and the woman has Rh-negative blood.
5. Fatty liver of pregnancy: This rare disorder occurs in the direction pregnancy. The cause is unknown. symptoms include nausea, vomiting, abdominal discomfort, and jaundice. The disorder can quickly deteriorate, and liver failure may develop. Diagnosis was based on liver function tests and possibly confirmed by liver biopsy. Doctors may recommend to immediately terminate the pregnancy. The risk of death for the woman and the fetus is high, but those who survive are fully healed. Typically, the disorder does not recur in subsequent pregnancies.
cardiomyopathy: the heart walls might be damaged in late pregnancy or
after delivery, causing peripartum cardiomyopathy. The cause is unknown. peripartum
cardiomyopathy tends to occur in women who had been pregnant several
times, the older, the unborn twins, or who develop preeclampsia. In some women, heart function does not return to normal after pregnancy. They may experience the following peripartum cardiomyopathy in pregnancy. This woman should not get pregnant again. Peripartum cardiomyopathy can occur in heart failure are treated.
7. Placenta previa: placenta previa is placement of the placenta over or near the cervix, lower at the top of the uterus. The placenta can be wholly or partially cover the opening of the cervix. Placenta
previa occurs in 1 in 200 births, usually in women who had more than
one pregnancy or who have structural abnormalities in the uterus, like
abruption (abruptio placentae): placental abruption is the premature
release of the placenta in the normal position of the uterine wall. The placenta can get off is not complete (sometimes only 10 to 20%) or in its entirety. The cause is unknown. release of the placenta occurs in 0.4 to 3.5% on all births. This complication is more common in women who have high blood pressure (including preeclampsia) and in women who use cocaine.