In addition to nutrients contributed to higher than apples, bananas may also provide energy reserves quickly if needed. Including when the brain suffered fatigue.
Banana snack is very popular for people in urban and rural areas. Various kinds of snack foods from bananas which are popular among other chips from Lampung, sale (Bandung), molen (Bogor), and SPE (Makassar) all in Indonesia.
There are reports that bananas come from Southeast Asia, Brazil, and India. In Southeast Asia, bananas are believed to derive from Peninsular Malaysia and the Philippines. Bananas have long been grown in India, which since 500 years before Christ and spread to the Pacific region. Bananas thrive in the humid tropics, especially in the lowlands. Therefore, in the rain falls evenly throughout the year, banana production can take place without knowing the season. Not surprisingly, Indonesia, Pacific Islands, and Brazil, known as the banana-exporting countries. However, Indonesia is not included in the 15 largest countries in the world who eat a banana. Communities in countries of Africa and Latin America are known to be high consume bananas each year.
Based on the manner of consumption, bananas are grouped into two categories, namely banana and plantains. Banana is a banana is more often consumed as fresh when ripe fruits, eg bananas, milk, king, a thousand, and sunripe. Banana plantains are consumed after being fried, boiled, baked, or dikolak, such as bananas kepok, Siamese, cotton, horn, and uli.
Bananas have a very good nutritional content, among others, provide the energy high enough compared with other fruits. Bananas are rich in minerals like potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, iron, and calcium. Bananas also contain vitamins, namely C, B complex, B6, and active as neurotransmitter serotonin in the smooth functioning of the brain.
Banana energy value of about 136 calories for every 100 grams, which altogether derived from carbohydrates. Banana energy value twice higher than the apple. Apples with the same weight (100 grams) contains only 54 calories.
Banana carbohydrates provide the energy a little bit slower than sugar and syrup, but much faster than rice, biscuits, and a type of bread. Therefore, many athletes now taking a rest break or a banana as a backup energy.
Energy content of the banana is instant energy, which is easily available within a short time, so useful in providing instantaneous calorie needs. Banana is a complex carbohydrate with moderate carbs and available in stages, so that it can provide energy in a time not too fast. Carbohydrate reserves the banana is an excellent energy use and can be quickly made available to the body.
Sugar banana is fruit sugar, which is composed of fructose which has a lower glycemic index than glucose, so it is quite good as a store of energy for a little more slowly metabolized. After working hard or think, always arise drowsiness. This situation is a sign of brain energy shortage, so that the biological activity also decreased.
Glucose was mainly obtained from brain blood circulation due to glycogen as glucose reserves are very limited existence. Primarily blood glucose obtained from food sources of carbohydrate intake. Banana is the best alternative for providing energy in times of rest or pause, at the time of the brain very quickly available energy needed for biological activity.
However, protein and fat content of bananas was not very good and very low, ie only 2.3 per cent and 0.13 per cent. However, fat and protein content of bananas are still higher than the apple, which is only 0.3 percent. Therefore, no need to fear of obesity despite eating bananas in large quantities.
Bananas are rich in minerals like potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, calcium, and iron.
When compared with other vegetable foods, bananas minerals, especially iron, is almost entirely (100 percent) can be absorbed by the body.
Very high content of vitamins, especially provitamin A, ie beta-carotene, amounting to 45 mg per 100 g dry weight, while the apple is only 15 mg. Bananas also contain B vitamins, namely thiamine, riboflavin, niacin, and vitamin B6 (piridoxin).
Banana B6 is high enough, that is equal to 0.5 mg per 100 grams. Besides functioning as a coenzyme for several reactions in metabolism, vitamin B6 plays a role in protein synthesis and metabolism, especially serotonin. Serotonin is believed to play an active role as a neurotransmitter in the smooth functioning of the brain.