Chromium has an important role in the activities of certain enzymes. Interferes with the degradation enzymes and their conversion into energy and the creation of some fat. Works together with insulin and is thus essential for the body's ability to use sugar. Many foods contain trace amounts of chromium. Relatively rich source of this element are meat, molasses, brown sugar, berries, beets, yeast, beer, dairy products, flour and coarse grain. Daily consumption of chromium is not large. The recommended daily dose has not been determined, but the average daily income is for an adult between 80 and 180 micrograms.
The biological effects of chromium are heavily dependent on the valence, in which enters the body. While trivalent chromium consider it a positive for our body and is included in the daily diet, hexavalent chromium, in contrast, is perceived as a negative-acting and considered a possible carcinogen. Food supplements are often found in organic forms such as chromium picolinate. It helps stabilize blood fat levels and thus reduces appetite for sweets. These products are suitable as a complement diets and sport. If you eat correctly and healthily (our diet contains enough food to eat fresh and unprocessed), our body gets adequate amounts of chromium.
Deficiency can occur in the elderly and malnourished children who receive little minerals in the diet. Long-term chromium deficiency worsens the ability of the body to use sugar, which leads to an increase in the amount of blood. In most cases, does not cause significant symptoms of chromium deficiency. Some patients with this syndrome can manifest with symptoms reminiscent of diabetes. The patient is tiredFeel mental confusion, numbness or tingling hands and feet. Lack of chromium exacerbates existing diabetes and slows the growth of children. May contribute to the development atherosclerosis (Narrowing of arteries). Therefore obsahujcí chromium supplements suitable for diabetics and patients with diabetic syndrome.
If chromium in excess, can be toxic. One reason for elevated levels of chromium in the blood may be causing environmental pollution of high concentration of chromium in drinking water and air are polluted by industrial waste. Excess chromium is manifested by inflammation of the skin and inhalation and damage to the nasal mucosa. For people who are frequently exposed to chromium exposure is an increased risk of air pollutants Cancer lung.