Red eye has a different differential diagnosis. When patients present with red eyes, the doctor needs to examine possible causes by doing anamnesis about the history of the use of contact lenses, the presence of trauma, occupation, systemic diseases and so forth. Causes red eyes like the existence of various types of blood, the process of inflammation, infection until the tumors.
There are several symptoms that need to follow up that is when there is decreased visual acuity, pain, presence of halo, fotofobia, and proptosis.
Examination was performed to assess visual acuity, presence or absence of silier injection, epithelial damage, edema and abnormal pupil. Causes of various kinds such as red eyes caused by parasites blefaritis (trichiasis, entropion, ektropion), Dacryocystitis.
Red eye due to inflammation can be caused by irritation, inflammation, infection, allergic reactions, congestion due to obstruction, and cancer.Kemerahan degenerative process needs to be seen whether local or diffuse. At the local level can be caused by a pterygium, phlycten, epi / skleritis and pingueculitis.
While the spread may be caused by viral or bacterial infection and non-infectious. In infections caused by bacteria, can be produced purulent secretions or discharge water. And non-infection can be caused by allergies, iatrogenic, chemicals and dry eye.
We must reverse eyelid eye exams, especially in pediatric patients. This is to see line art of possibility in the case of trachoma, a pseudo-membrane and membrane correctly.