Hepatitis is a disease considered extremely serious because it is 10 times more contagious than AIDS, is a disease that attacks the liver, causing inflammation which may lead the patient to death. According to the Ministry of Health in Brazil alone, two million people suffer from the chronic form of hepatitis B virus (HBV), and it kills four times more than AIDS. The institution has discussed with the community and health professionals actions against the various manifestations of the disease.
Being a disease of infectious character, is transmitted through sex, needles with infected blood, and direct contact with blood, saliva, semen, vaginal secretions and breast milk of patients or asymptomatic carriers, even in small quantities and virus can survive in the environment for up to one week.
Once contracted the disease, both hepatitis B and C can become chronic and manifest in the body of a person for life. To combat hepatitis and educate the public, the Ministry of Health created in 2002, the Program for Prevention and Control of Viral Hepatitis and has intensified the actions of vaccination against hepatitis B. These findings emphasize the concern of agencies and organizations, but Brazil has evolved to combat the disease, according Epaminondas Fields (NGO) Group C, "Brazil is well advanced in the fight against hepatitis, compared with other countries"
Measures to combat and prevent this evil has been crucial to these results, but should take into consideration the conditions of each Brazilian region, according to Gerusa Maria Figueiredo, Program Coordinator to combat the disease, linked to the Secretariat of Health Surveillance Ministry of Health, says that, "The actions are being implemented unevenly, as the reality of each state"
We can separate into three fronts to combat disease: prevention and control, surveillance and assistance to the carrier. So the first line is responsible for the dissemination and awareness of the risks of contamination and forms of the disease, seeking to avoid first and increase the number of infections. The second front is responsible for controlling the virus, noting the evolution of the disease to prevent viral mutations and the creation of medicines to patients, and finally the third front, which is intended to help the patient, the treatment in the short and long term order to prevent the disease becomes chronic, as responsible for the deaths of many Brazilians, according to Dr. Drauzio Varella is important to control after contamination to prevent it from becoming chronic, it says: "After the inflammatory phase of the virus can be naturally eliminated from the body or cause a chronic inflammatory disease that, after some years, can lead to serious complications such as liver cirrhosis and liver cancer. "