Understanding how your camera works will help you take better picture whether you use a fully automatic camera, a semiautomatic, or a manual. The most popular camera sold is the 35 mm size. A great variety of film is available for these and, per picture, it works out cheaper.
There are two basic designs: the compact and the signal lens reflex (SLR). The main difference between them is how the viewfinder works. The compact viewfinder is separate from the lens. The SLR uses a mirror system which means better framing of the picture.
The glittering array of cameras in the shop can be confusing, so ask yourself:
*When will use my camera?
*What subjects will I take?
*Am I interested in learning to use apertures and shutter speeds creatively (chose an SLR)
*Do I want to point and shoot and let the camera do the thinking (chose a compact)
Cameras sold today range from inexpensive to very expensive. The difference in price is usually the cost of sophisticated electronics. Do not pay for things you will never use. Choose a camera which feels comfortable in your hands and which is made by one of the major manufactures. Read the instructions carefully and carry them with you until you are familiar with how the camera operates.
When photography indoors, using the light coming from windows, doors or skylights, always place the subject near the light sources. A bright overcast day gives soft lighting which is deal.
You will notice, when you have your subject in position, that the side furthest from the light source is darker. A large white board (cardboard, wood painted white, polystyrene, or a newspaper) will reflect light back on to the shadowed side.
The light level will be low, so you will need to use a fast film and/ or a tripod. Make sure that the light source is behind you when taking your exposure reading.
Head and shoulders
It is not advisable to take close-up portraits with a standard lens as it often distorts faces particularly noses and this will upset your subject!