Culture can be defined as a set of features that are shared and bind people together into a community, bringing solidarity to the group these people belong to. It is learned and passed through generations and includes the beliefs and value system of a society. Identity, in essence is the totality of one''s perception of self, a representation of an individual’s uniqueness. As a construct, identity is a composition of racial, cultural and ethnic identities and is fluid in nature as it changes with development at a personal as well as at a social level along with migration and acculturation. This paper aims to focus on the socio-cultural impact of the partition of India in 1947 and the subsequent forced migration which led to the formation of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan. The underlying principle of this partition was the mobilization of the populace into the ‘self’ (A Hindu nation) and the ‘other’ (A nation of Muslims), and vice versa. This distinction on the lines of religion was aided by the factors of language, class and caste, leading to the eventual carnage which formed the basis of the two nation states, India and Pakistan. Fundamental questions which arise within the context of the migration of 1947 are: how such identity movements reshape cultures in the process of mobilization? What changes in institutions and strategies accompany such political formations of culture?