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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>On the dramatic development of Wu and Chu districts' culture in Song Dynasty and its reasons Summary

On the dramatic development of Wu and Chu districts' culture in Song Dynasty and its reasons

Article Summary   by:TsingHua     Original Author: Journal of Ezhou University
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From Xia Dynasty,Shang Dynasty and Zhou Dynasty to Sony Dynasty,the culture of Wu and Chu districts in which are lying in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River in the south of China is mostly lagging behind the Central Plains area of northern part.However,during the course of Northern Song Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty,the culture of Wu and Chu districts is appearing a dramatic development.It mainly manifests on the fast development of schools and the prosperity of education;the high level of sample academic culture,a host of scholars and numerous talented people;the synthetic qualities of population which are clearly higher than other districts;the multitudinous schools of thought which on behalf of the Confucianism and nuclear position and the developing directions of its thoughts,academy and culture;the quantities of successful candidates who occupy a large part of recruitment in the national imperial examination;the developing level which has incomparable advantages in the aspect of material culture which is closely related to spiritual culture;the ratio of distributed talented people which is from the more to the less in the northern Central Plain where the center is the Yellow River valley while from the less to the more in the southern part where the center is Wu and Chu districts and holds the absolute leading position.
The surmountable development of Wu and Chu districts' culture through Song Dynasty made this area of highly civilization and prosperity which reflects that the core of Chinese traditional culture has been transferred to the northern area on the represent of Wu and Chu cultural districts during the course of Northern Song Dynasty and Southern Song Dynasty.However,in the area of Wu and Chu districts,the development of different regional cultures has been disequilibrated.The main reason for pushing forward the surmountable development of this area in Song Dynasty is the synthetic results of economical development and population migration towards south.
Published: January 30, 2006   
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