Both literature and history are subjects on human nature. As a lovely child of literature and history's marriage, the Records of the Grand Historian r eflects the profound spirit of humanism in Chinese ancient civilization.From the forms of literature the Records of the Grand Historian invented the form of hum an-hearted history biographies.Si Maqian has seen the leading role in biography not only as a historical character but also as a humanity character. He recorded the most wide-raging figures in the society in the Records of the Grand Histori an and paid close attention to the behavior of the depicted figures. From the po int of the social construction he portrayed the figures' historical activities i n different social stratums entirely. From the angle of content the Records of R ecords of the Grand Historian dealt with myth materials as history that reflecte d the rational inclination of attaching more importance to people than to the Go d. Furthermore,Si Ma-qian investigated the relationships between human and nature, human and so ciety.