During the transition of the Ming to the Qing Dynasty, the literati who lived in Ling-nan (Ling-nan Scholar) showed the conspicuous regionism. When the Jia-shen Event occurred, they all devoted themselves to fighting against the Qing's army and defending their own nation. And when the fighting forces led by the Southern Ming were defeated by the Qing's army, they all fell in despair,and some of them 'Chu-jia'(to be a Buddist monk), some of them 'Xun-dao'(to sacrifice for their ideas and nation). The main inner motivation contacts that they influenced by the Confucianism as well as the Christian and Buddist cultures that penetrated into the place very early and brought about great impact there. The choice of 'Chu-jia' shows that there existed an wide difference between Ling-nanScholar and the other traditional intellectuals,and their value sense is not 'Ru-dao Hu Bu'(the Confucianism and Daoist interact) ,but 'Ru-fo Hu Bu'(the Confucianism and Buddism interact). While the choice of 'Xun-dao' is the result brought by the interaction of the Confucianism and Christian culture.