So for as the view of life is concerned, Guan Hanqing an be regarded as a glorious hanner for ancientChinese men of letters. He took os the core the self－individual person that was typical of the common people, andadvocated grasping the reality. He did not indthe in history, nor did he believe in chethe. His idea wos that values inlife were dependent on how much of fredom and happiness a Self－individual person could obtain in life because the self－individual person was supreme. He believed that in the foce of evil forces, the best policy wos to take on indomitable andtenocious stand agninst them, boare it would not do to make concessions for the sake of the general interest, heobjected to yielding to wickedness and submitting to bully, and instead, held that resisting agnins them was the mostefficient way to defend the personal right from injustice. All these form a striking contrast with the attitude toward lifetaken by traditional men of letters who attached great importance to future, talked glibly about groups, and laid stress onbenevolent retreat. In the history of Chinese ideology, thes may be described as a shift in the heart of matter of how to bean upright person, and also a change in the way of conducting oneseir in society.