Mathematics The ingenious method of expressing every
possible number using a set of ten symbols (each symbol having a place
value and an absolute value) emerged in India. The idea seems so simple
nowadays that its significance and profound importance is no longer appreciated.
Its simplicity lies in the way it facilitated calculation and placed arithmetic
foremost amongst useful inventions. the importance of this invention is more
readily appreciated when one considers that it was beyond the two greatest men
of Antiquity, Archimedes and Apollonius.India confronts Egypt and Babylonia by the 3rd millennium with a
thoroughly individual and independent civilisation of her own, technically the
peer of the rest. And plainly it is deeply rooted in Indian soil. The Indus
civilisation represents a very perfect adjustment of human life to a specific
environment. And it has endured; it is already specifically Indian and forms the
basis of modern Indian culture.