Reference: David Brown (2007, December 17). As temperatures rise, health could decline. The Washington Post, p.A.7. Retrieved on February 20, 2008, from City University web site: http://proxy.cityu.edu/login?url=http://proq uest.umi.com/pqdweb?did=1399612181&Fmt= 3&clinetId=8931&RQT=309&VName=PQD
The Global warming phenomenon gains unprecedented attention in recent times and turns out to be one of the most debated topics by scientists today – from environmentalists to economists, from sociologists to medical doctors. They all have gathered sufficient and accurate evidence of the widespread effects of global warming on the planet. Most vulnerable and at risk appear to be the natural biodiversity of plants and animals, water and food resources, as well as human physical health. In the article As Temperatures Rise, Health Could Decline,
the author David Brown presents broader data of statistics and predictions from studies but this time the effects of global warming on people’s health. With temperature rising of only a few degrees from current level could change the overall Earth’s geography and landscape, i.e. raise of ocean level, heat waves, floods, storms, outbreak of epidemic diseases, thought by scientists to be dead and steady burred in the past.
Therefore climate change affects everything on the planet, including the human health. People’s health and wellbeing are so much dependent on the rise of temperature that it is a sign of people’s feebleness and inability to cope with it. In many studies conducted by scientists, enough data and evidence is gathered with the aim to present somewhat crude calculations and projections of the effects of global warming on people’s health. Not only that but they try to predict and project the spread of human diseases in different geographic regions caused solely on the basis of temperature rising.
The risks of spreading of human diseases, thought by scientists to be dead, are predicted to increase their percentage in the years to come. The most affected and vulnerable areas stay the developing countries, comprising of countries from the continent of Africa, the Mediterranean, India subcontinent, and South Eastern Asia. Places that even today struggle with shortages of water and food supply. It is expected those regions to be hit by outbreaks of diseases such as malaria, diarrhea, cholera, malnutrition, etc.
The spread of heat waves, whereby weather becomes hotter, will hit demographically the most vulnerable and at risk age groups – children and elderly people. Urbanization, in terms of migration of people from less populated areas to more dense populated regions, is another factor that makes easier the spread of hot weather, which will increase the percentage of heat-caused diseases. Obesity in urbanized areas is growing and presents a problem that scientists should devise and provide relevant treatment. At the same time, it is observed that death rates caused by heat diseases drop due to the air-conditioning systems and the undertaking of other relevant measures.
Storms and floods are anticipated to increase in severity as to encompass the entire planet. They are going to damage the land (e.g. erosion), increase the shortage of water and food supply. Air pollution is another problem that global warming brings to a higher level. This, in turn, facilitates the development of asthma and allergy-related diseases in humans. Diarrheal diseases are likely to be spread in areas with heavy rainfall with the possibility for cholera outbreaks. Moreover, insects and animal transmitted diseases are expected to enhance in level such as yellow fever caused by mosquitoes, Lyme disease by ticks, etc.
Scientists still struggle with finding the most suitable and relevant exit strategy on the health issues rising from global warming, which is very much dependent on people’s ability to adapt and adjust themselves to the climate change effects, which in turn involves every one of us.