Title: HMS (housing minimum standard) of water supply and sanitation for low-income buildings in urban areas of low-income countries: a case of a squatter settlement in Harare, Zimbabwe Background
The most significant urban problems in Africa tend to differ from the classic problems prevalent in more urbanized regions of the world. When considering the relationship between health and the environment of human settlements, the most striking features of poor housing are overcrowding and lack of basic water and sanitation. Lack of proper water supply and appropriate sanitation can cause and spread diseases and social security problems. The study will focus on Harare, the capital city of Zimbabwe, which had a population of around one and half million by the late 1990s. Harare has grown rapidly after independence. However, the urban infrastructure was not designed for such heavy demands. As a result, the rapid growth of the population of Harare has burdened the water and sanitation services. Aims and Objectives
The objectives of this research are; -To identify and analyses the water supply and sanitation standard of the urban low income households as a measure of HMS (housing minimum standard).
-The primary question addressedin this research is; What level (Quantity and Quality) of HMS (housing minimum standard) is for water supply and sanitation for the urban low-income households? Benefits/Expected Outcomes
The findings of this research will be used to develop the standard of the water supply and sanitation among the urban low income households. In particular, it will provide additional insight of those factors that are likely to transform water supply and sanitation service into the urban low-income households. The research will also provide a picture of providing water supply and sanitation services that suit the contractual, social, economic and physical standards of the urban low-income households. It is expected that this research will result in the development of a framework for studying HMS with water supply and sanitation standard as a decision-making model of the urban planners.