Nandigram,a tiny block of East Midnapore district of West Bengal,India has been today a familiar name internationally, thanks to the heroic fight of the peasantry & common people over there against the brutal forces of the state on the question of formation of a chemical hub.The place is situated South West of Haldia Port & Industry Complex & in that sense the proposal for formation of a chemical hub might be justified. But, still , the phenomenon of Nandigram is not completely detached from what are happenning in other parts of India & also in some developing countries viz. China etc. in the name of formation of Special Economic Zone. Everywhere huge, continuous green patches of land are being snatched away from the peasantry for formation of SEZ in the name of industrialization which has resulted in violent resistance from the peasantry in many a cases& also has raised a debate - cultivation or industrial use, in which way proper utilization of land is possible. Though in political feild advocates for both the camps can easily be seen but still, as for ourselves, let us try to resolve the problem from an honest unbiased stand.
First of all, it is to be examined, in respect of a particular peice of land, that by utilising this land in which way it will be able to feed more number of people. If it is seen that by cultivation more people will be able to earn there livelyhood as against industrial use, the land should be properly cultivated. At the same time we should also bear in mind that industrial production is also of prime necessity. Hence, alternative less fertile lands should be found out for industrial use.
Secondly, if it is found that by using that peice of land for industrial production, along with its ancillary industries, more people will be able to raise their standard of living and become able to be well fed & well clad, let this piece of land be used in that way. But one thing, in that case acquisition of land should be strictly on competitive market price.
Apart from all these ecological impact of the industrial use of this piece of land on the neighbouring countryside should not be ignored. The last but not the least, it should be borne in mind, especially in the context of present day population explosion, that for continued physical existence of human being on this planet, supply of food should be ensured first instead of mere consumer goods.