A pinkie finger may hold the key that was exhumed hidden in a deep cave in Southern Siberia and may direct to a brand new species of ancient human beings. The 40,000 year old bone yielded DNA distinctly diverse from that of modern human beings or Neanderthals. This portion of bone challenges the existing study of how our ancestors traveled out of Africa. Neanderthals are extinct members of the Homo genus that is known from Pleistocene sampling. The youngest Neanderthal is considered to be older than 30,000 years. The average height of Neanderthals is very close to the contemporary Homo sapiens. Neanderthals were stronger in the arms and hands compared to the Homo sapiens. Neanderthals are thought to be derivatives from chimp like ancestors from five to ten million years ago.
Johannes Kravs and Svante Paabo who are scientists working on this situation honed in on the mitochondrial DNA. Mitochondrial DNA is distributed along intact from a woman to her child conserved in the prehistoric bone. These scientists recognized it that it fit into an unknown female hominid whom they nicknamed “X Woman”. Her mitochondrial DNA is at odds from current human beings of today DNA at nearly 400 positions. This is nearly two times the difference calculated relating human beings and Neanderthal DNA. The genetic blueprint point out that X Woman, Neanderthals, and modern human beings shared a general genetic ancestor about million years ago.
Scientists Paabo recommends that X Woman may fit in to a group of archaic human beings who journey out of Africa at an opposite time from Neanderthals or modern human beings. If this is the reason then her group survived an astoundingly extended period alongside the others perhaps for hundreds of thousands of years. It is also feasible that she was move down from the crossbreed offspring of an ancient rendezvous linking her ancestors and Neanderthals.
Kravs and Paabo are now stringing the nuclear genome from the Siberian bone pinkie finger chip. If the nuclear DNA substantiates their original answers then it will point to for the first time that an entirely new-found group of ancestral human beings was classified by arrangement DNA from a mere bone chip. This unearthing will exponentially broaden the capability to understand our human ancestors. More and more we will see many pages of genetic data report coming from fossil remains in which small amount morphological intelligence exists.