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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Anthropology>CHIONITES (RED HUNS) Summary

CHIONITES (RED HUNS)

Article Summary   by:Naiman    
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CHIONITES (RED HUNS)
From the Middle Persian word xiyon, ''Hun'', a Hunnic tribe that began encroaching upon the frontiers of Iran and the the Kushan state circa 320 A.D. A distinct people from the Hephtalites, the Chionites were also called ''Red'' Huns. Shortly after 340 (?) A.D., the enigmatic leader Kidara pushed the Kushans out of northern Pakistan and gave his name to this short-lived dynasty. At the end of the 4th century, a new wave of Hunnic tribes (Alchoni) invaded Bactria, pushing the Kidarites into Gandhara. The Kidarites in northern India continued to mint debased gold and copper coins until the end of the 5th century. Dates and attributions below are questionable. Kidarite principalities may also have existed at Kota Kula, in Kashmir and Taxila; the names of the monarchs in those areas are unknown. Kidarite dynasty in Bactria Kidara I...........................................fl. c. 320 CE Kungas....................................................330''s ? Varhran I..........................................fl. c. 340 Grumbat............................................c. 358-c. 380 Kidara (II ?)......................................fl. c. 360 Brahmi Buddhatala..................................fl. c. 370 unknown name.......................................fl. c. 390 Varhran (II).......................................fl. c. 425 Goboziko...........................................fl. c. 450 Salanavira............................................mid 400''s Vinayaditya..........................................late 400''s
Published: March 28, 2007   
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