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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Anthropology>The HSIUNG-NU Summary

The HSIUNG-NU

Article Summary   by:Naiman    
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The HSIUNG-NU

The Hsiung-nu were a people of vaguely Turkic stock, nomadic pastoralists living north of China. They often raided China of the Han dynasty, providing a major security threat for centuries. Their presence induced, in fact, the Chinese to begin construction of the Great Wall.

1st dynasty
Chungvi....... ? : Dates unknown; mythology places him c. 1800 BCE
Tengriqut (A title; name not known).............c. 270-c. 240
Tumen Tengriqut (Dao Man).......................c. 240-209
Batur Bek Tun Tengriqut (Mao Dun)..................209-174
Kokkhan (Laoshan)..................................174-161
Kunkhan (Giunhcheng)...............................161-126
El''chishye.........................................126-114
Uvey...............................................114-105
Uyshilar...........................................105-102
Kulighu............................................102-101
2nd dynasty
Qutighu............................................101-96
Name not known.........................................96
Hulugu..............................................96-85
3rd dynasty
Chuangdi............................................85-68
Shuluy Qanghuy......................................68-60
1st dynasty
Uyanquti............................................60-58
3rd dynasty
Khukhenye I.........................................58-31 opposed by...
Bosiuytang-Zhuki (West).............................58-56 and...
Huge (Northwest)....................................58-57 and...
Cheli (Southwest)...................................58-56 and...
Uji (Northwest).....................................58-57 and then...
Zhunzhen (West).....................................56-54 and...
Zhizhi-Guduhu (East)................................55-47
Pozhulonuti.........................................31-20
Shuzhunoti..........................................20-12
Qiyanoti............................................12-8 opposed by...
Ulunoti.............................................11-10 d. 18 CE
Uchilonoti.......................................8 BCE-13 CE
4th dynasty
Ulunoti (restored)..................................13-18
Ghuduarshi Davganoti................................18-46 opposed by...
Xiuybudan...........................................18-19 and then by...
Udatqu..............................................21-46
Panu (in Northern Hsiung-nu from 48)................46-83
In 48, the Hsiung-Nu fragmented into Northern and Southern nations.
NORTHERN HSIUNG-NU (sometimes called "Western")
Sanmolo Otzi........................................83-84
Ulugh...............................................84-89
name not known......................................89-91
El''tekin............................................91-93
Panghu..............................................93-118
The Northern Hsiung-Nu removed to modern Khazakhstan, where the Huyang endured until the middle of the 2nd century CE: driven out of their lands by Xian-Bi, they migrated further west, across the Ukraine and into Europe, which they bedeviled under the name of the Huns. Another branch of the Northern Group established the Kingdom of Yuehban, located between the Aral Sea and Lake Balkash, which survived until the 6th century CE before succumbing to Turkic invasions. Also, a group of peoples called "Hephtalites" appeared in Iran and Northern India during the 5th and 6th centuries who seem to be the same stock. Meanwhile, the Southern Hsiung-Nu accepted a nominal Chinese suzereinty, and continued in place, by times enlisting in the Chinese military, and at other times depredating eastern Asia.
SOUTHERN HSIUNG-NU (sometimes called "Eastern")
3rd dynasty
Khukhenye II........................................48-55
Chupunoti...........................................55-56
Ilgha Uluti.......................................-59
Shtongsi Suyghuti...................................59-63
Kuchi Qilindi..........................................63
Ghushi Shisu Quti...................................63-85
Iltu Uluti..........................................85-88
Shulan Shisu Quti...................................88-93
Arqu................................................93-94
Tindushsu Quti......................................94-98 opposed by...
Finghey (North).....................................98-118
Wanchi Shisu Quti...................................98-124
Uzhqushsu Quti.....................................124-128
Kutino Shisu Quti..................................128-142
5th dynasty
Ghoranno Shisu Quti................................143-147
6th dynasty
Illin Shisu Quti...................................147-172
Utno Shisu Quti....................................172-179
7th dynasty
Ghuzhin................................................179
8th dynasty
Qanquy.............................................179-188
Qizi Shisu Quti....................................188-195
Ghochuqan..........................................195-215
Partitioned into 5 local tribes; reunified in 290..215-290
Liu Yuan-Hai ("Emperor" of Bei Han 304-310)........290-304 d. 310
There is little information about rulers of the Hsiung-nu after 181. But Hsiung-Nu are still mentioned for some centuries during "The Three Kingdoms era" (220-316) and later, Hsiung-Nu commanders were responsible for setting up several short-lived Kingdoms in China during the troublous 4th century.
Published: March 28, 2007   
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