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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Anthropology>LADOGA (Staraya Ladoga; Aldeigjuborg) Summary

LADOGA (Staraya Ladoga; Aldeigjuborg)

Article Summary   by:Naiman    
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LADOGA (Staraya Ladoga; Aldeigjuborg)
A town in northwestern Russia on Lake Ladoga, to the east of modern St. Petersburg. Staraya Ladoga began as a trading settlement for various Finnic peoples. Though the popular view of northeastern Europe in that period is one of barbarism, Staraya Ladoga was probably quite cosmopolitan, with traders coming from as far away as Britain, Scandinavia, Byzantium, Khazaria and even Persia. The town was under Norse control from around 750 (possibly much earlier). Staraya Ladoga is generally regarded as the origin point for the Rus state. Although its early history is highly speculative, I have briefly outlined some of the current theories below. Finnic period, 1000 BCE-750 CE To Samoyedic peoples........................1000''s-500''s To Lappish peoples (Saami)...................500''s-200''s To Karelians, Veps, Eesti, & other Finns.200''s BCE-750 CE Svaflami (possibly legendary)......................early 600''s ? Ivar Vifadme.......................................mid 600''s Harald Hildetand.............................650''s-late 600''s According to the Yngling Saga, Ivar and Harald, both kings of Denmark, established a vast Baltic empire which included the Ladoga region. The area was probably still under the day-to-day management of local Finn princes. Radbard (Ratibor of Novgorod ?).........late 600''s-c. 719 Norse period, 750-838 Viking traders and raiders from Scania, Uppsala, and Gotland probably took over Staraya Ladoga in the 750s. They called the town Aldeigjuborg and the area around it Gårdarike. Aldeigja...........................................mid 700''s ? Bravlin............................................late 700''s ? Dir Bjorn..........................................early 800''s ? Possible republic......................early 800''s-838 "Khaganate of Rus" period 838-862 This is one of the least-understood periods of Russian history. Around the 830''s, Arab travelogues begin describing a Khaganate of the Rus, located far to the north. Its organization imitated the command hierarchy of the Khazar state.
It is unclear whether the aristocracy was Slavic, Finnish or Norse in origin. Omeljan Pritsak, a Ukranian historian, speculated that the Khaganate of Rus was founded by Xan-Tuvan Dyggvi, a Khazar khagan who led a rebellion in the early 800''s and fled north after his defeat. According to Pritsak, Xan-Tuvan intermarried with the local aristocracy and helped organize a new state along lines familiar to him. Unfortunately, because Pritsak is notoriously poor at documenting his theories and providing sources, the veracity of this claim about the nature of the Rus Khaganate, fascinating though it is, is impossible to determine. Xan-Tuvan Dyggvi ? ................................mid 800''s Kievian Rus Period 862-1478 It is widely accepted that Staraya Ladoga became part of Rurik''s dominions when he took over Novgorod in the 860s. Thereafter it was usually under the domination of Novgorod. To Novgorod..................................860''s-1478 Ingegärd (fem.)...........................1019-1050 Ingegärd was the daughter of Olaf Skötkonung, King of Sweden. According to the sagas she was promised as bride to the Norwegian king Olav Haraldsson in 1018, as peace gift. But Olaf broke his promise and married her in 1019 to the Russian Grand Prince Yaroslav. She received Ladoga as a marriage gift. Russian era, 1478- To Muscovy, and Russia........................1478-1917 In 1703 Russian tsar Peter I the Great founded the town of Novaya Ladoga ("New Ladoga"), and renamed the old city Staraya Ladoga ("Old Ladoga"). To Soviet Union...............................1917-1941 To Finland (briefly)...............................1941 To Soviet Union...............................1941-1991 To Russia........................
Published: March 28, 2007   
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