For decades, bullying was considered a part of growing up. According to the National Center for Education Statistics (2011), 32% of middle and high school students reported being victims of bullying. Bullying is now considered a community problem due to the change in public perception. An example this change was reflected on March 9, 2011 when President Obama held a 1 day conference on Preventing Bullying. At the conference the website: www.stopbullying.gov, was launched aimed to educate the public about the types and consequences of bullying. Types of Bullying
Direct bullying involves physical attacks such as punching, shoving, verbal threats and destruction of property. This behavior is more often seen in boys. Indirect bullying includes ignoring someone, daring others to do dangerous things upon threat of exclusion and spreading rumors. This behavior is often seen in girls. With access to cell phones and internet service,Cyber bullying has emerged and is characterized by posing as someone else to spread rumors and lies, sharing inappropriate of someone and sending harassing messages. Consequences of Bullying
According to www.stopbullying.org, bullying can have lasting effects on the victim, the bully and bystanders. Victims of bullying may experience depression, increased thoughts of suicide and become more likely to lash out through violent acts. Bullies have an increased risk of drug abuse, become involved in criminal activity and be abusive to others. Bystanders who witness acts of bullying also have an increased risk or drug abuse and are more likely to be absent from school. Conclusion
In the past, bullying was considered a normal part of growing up. Research and public perception suggests bullying has become a community issue. Knowing the types and characteristics of bullying can increase community effectiveness in recognizing and assisting those who need help.