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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Education>The Principles and Methods of Effective Teaching Summary

The Principles and Methods of Effective Teaching

Book Summary   by:christian_george     Original Authors: Amparo Lardizabal; Alicia Bustos; Maura Tangco; Luz C. Buco
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The key factor to the teaching-learning process is the teacher. Attempts to describe what is the true meaning of a good teacher have been in constant argument. But there are traits raised to determine a good teacher. They grouped into (1) professional and (2) personal traits. Professional qualities of a good teacher include proficiency in the field of teaching, mastery of the student, mastery in the teaching principles, techniques and skills used in teaching, understanding the different branches of knowledge, and love of the teaching profession. Personal traits on the other hands include the teacher’s personality, interests, attitudes, beliefs, and relationship with pupils and the community. The tough job of teaching requires perseverance and an open mind and heart. A future teacher, therefore, must undergo pre-service education to train him in the intricacies of the field as well as for the proper behavior demanded by his profession. A good teacher puts into mind the main elements involving learning. In doing so, he must learn to (1) unfreeze the students, (2) diagnose the student’s problem, (3) set the goal of the lesson, (4) introduce new behavior (5) and refreeze the learning. In order to execute these steps, a teacher must know the procedures in instructing. The methods include: (1) making use of the learning principles, (2) utilizing self activity, (3) considering learner’s differences (4) stimulating thinking, (5) and providing room for development. A lesson plan is one of the most essential tools for teaching. It is the blueprint of the entire lesson for the whole semester or year. The most common contents of a lesson plan are the objectives of the topic, the subject matter to be discussed, materials to be used, the procedure of discussion, the method of evaluation, and the assignment. A teacher generally uses 2 types of teaching methods. These 2 types are the traditional and the improved instructional practices. A traditional method of teaching, which includes the chalk and blackboard, are still sporadically used today.
The traditional method of teaching counts lecture, laboratory, and demonstration methods as its kinds. Nevertheless, there are arousing needs in school that cannot be attended by the traditional way of teaching and can only be attained through improved instructional practices. Examples of this form of teaching include integrative technique, which aims to develop the entire personality of the student; the discovery approach, where the learner is encouraged to learning by exploring, and other modern techniques like role playing, workshops, seminars, and fieldtrips. The use of multi-sensory or audio-visual aids has been indispensable since the advent of modern technology. These aids have greatly improved the learning process while lessening the time spent for lectures and discussion. Computers are projectors are the commonest of the audio visual aids. Good classroom management is also essential for an effective teaching. As a second parent, a teacher must provide a conducive, home-like atmosphere to students. Good ventilation, lighting and cleanliness help to attract and motivate a student to learn. A teacher must instill discipline and responsibility towards the child. Evaluation is also a one valuable tool for instruction. Evaluation assesses a student’s achievements for the day and helps the teacher plan out effective strategies to be used to enhance learning. Nevertheless, a successful teaching does not at all depend on the hands of the teacher. Rest also lies on the learners and support of the school. But whatever result may be, it is the learner that is affected the most since they are the once that is in the bottom line in the learning process.
Published: July 24, 2007   
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