Robert M. Gagne distinguish the patterns of student learning into eight types, as follows:
1. Signal Learning (Learning Cues)
Signal Learning can be defined as the process of mastering the basic patterns of behavior is involuntary (unintentional and unconscious goals)
2 Stimulus-Response Learning (Stimulus-Response Learning)
The process of language learning in children is a process similar to this. A necessary condition for continuing this type of learning is a factor inforcement. The time between the first and the next stimulus, the stronger the reinforcement.
3. Chaining (Chain or cicuit)
Chaining is a learing unit bond connecting SR (Stimulus-Response) with one another. A necessary condition for the continuity of this type of learning, among others, internally terkuasai students already have a number of units of the SR, both psychomotor and verbally.
4. Verbal Association (Association Verbal)
5. Discrimination Learning (Learning Diskrimination)
6. Concept Learning (Learning concept)
7. Rule learning (Learning the rules)
8. Problem solving (problem solving)