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Education has always been one of the most essential and vital
elements in creating awareness to the people of all countries. It has become
not only an instrument for enhancing awareness but has also served as a tool
for social development.
It is the
fundamental right of every human being to become educated. However, the
eradication of illiteracy has become a challenging task for the governments of
According to a
report published by the World Bank some years ago, a nation cannot progress in
any field if the people are deprived of basic education. A report of the World
Health organization has made it clear that many children in many countries have
premature deaths because the majority of the parents are uneducated. According
to another report of the same organization, the mortality rate of the children
can be reduced by three fold if the literacy rate in these countries is
It is often
said literacy is to the brain what eye-sight is to the blind. However,
illiteracy has become a formidable problem in many countries, especially in the
developing and least developed ones. This is because without educated people,
the task of improving the quality of life will be very difficult.
It is against
this background that in recent times many countries have been spending huge
amounts of money to bring about improvement in the field of education.
International organizations such as UNESCO have also assisted in this endeavor. The efforts made by UNESCO can be highly
appreciated, because it has been playing an active role in eradicating
illiteracy in many countries.
Nepal has also
considerably benefitted from UNESCO assistance. In fact, there is no denying
that the assistance provided by this international organization has worked as a
catalytic agent to bring about development in the educational field in our
Since the past
few decades, Government has been placing more emphasis on increasing the
literacy rate in the country. This is evident from the fact that prior to the
introduction of the New Education Plan, the literacy rate of the country was
about fourteen per cent, but now it has increased considerably.
also become one of women’s greatest liberators in creating awareness among
Nepalese women. Formerly, there were far less educational opportunities for
women than there were for men. As a result, Nepalese women’s awareness
increased neither in depth nor in magnitude.
of educating women through Western style institutions started only a few
decades ago. Prior to this, most of the Nepalese women were completely
uneducated. The Ministry of Education has been providing the women with
technical and vocational education by means of vocational schools.
constitute half the population of our country, substantial development in any
field is virtually impossible without their active participation. Therefore, it
is necessary to place emphasis on the propagation of female education in the
hook and corner of the country so that the women might study and encourage
others also in order to raise their standards of living and help to develop the
area in which they reside.
percentage of female children going to schools is less than that of males,
emphasis should be placed on increasing the enrollment of girls in each school.
There are many
uneducated adults in our country. Taking this fact into consideration, adult
literacy classes have been conducted in different parts of the country.
different national and international organizations that are actively involved
in promoting literacy programs. However, the drawing up plans or programs will
be meaningless if we do not pay attention in implementing them. Since co-ordination
is of paramount importance for getting the desired results, sustained efforts
should be made to attain better results in the educational field.
times, our country has laid stress on the need for formal education. By doing
so, the number of schools as well as the enrollment of students will be
increased. Since such a trend strains the limited resources of our country, it
is also expedient to pay attention to finding an innovative and a low –cost
method of solving the educational problem.