The entrance exam is the most common method of access to higher education in Brazil. Organized by University guy, he can be annual or biennial. This is a test divided into three subject areas: arts and foreign language, Portuguese, geography and history, and natural sciences (mathematics, chemistry, physics and biology). The content is taught in three years of high school.
As the competition is too large, the government began to explore other ways to include low-income students in universities. The University of Brasilia, for example, performed the first test with racial quota system in 2004. The selective, initially made through photographs, caused great controversy due to lack of clear criteria for selção. A pair of twins, for example, was one of the brothers to compete approved by the quota system, and the other not. Today this is accomplished through the selective filling out forms and conducting interviews.
Another way to access public university is the Serial Evaluation Program conducted by UNB and some universities in Minas Gerais. It''s three races held every year in high school. At the end, if you get the required score, it is the entry without going through the traditional college.
In 2009, the Enem (National Exam of Secondary Education), a test made by the Ministry of Education to evaluate the performance of public and private schools, began to be used by universities as part of the entrance examination scores. However, errors in evidence, fraud and conducting of competitions put into question the credibility of the evidence.