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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Political Science>Cuncolim revolt of 1583- First resistance against foreign rule in India Summary

Cuncolim revolt of 1583- First resistance against foreign rule in India

Article Summary   by:armie     Original Author: armstrong vaz
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Write your Five Portuguese-backed Jesuits priests and an equal number of laymen fell prey to the fury of the villagers of Cuncolim in South Goa in the former Portuguese colony in . The villagers were fighting to protect their land and religion. The core of villagers from the warrior Khastriya caste raised the banner of protest against the desecration and also destruction of temples. The villagers who are known as Gaoncars - originally inhabitants of the place - were fed with the constant defiling of places of worship. The patience reached a flashpoint with death of the priests and the layman accompanying the Jesuits priests who were on a mission of conversion to the village. The villagers elders suffered at the hands of the Portuguese authorities who ruled Goa at that time. The leaders of chieftains of the Gaoncar clan were invited for talks at the Assolna fort situated on the banks of River Sal where the present day Assolna church stands and in an act of treachery sixteen of them were executed by the Portuguese authorities. One of them escaped from clutches jumped into the Assolna River and saw across to safety and fled to neigbouring Karwar in the present day Karwar in the Southern state of Karnataka. In the present day era Shantaram Laxman Naik hailing from the same village and belonging to the same clan wants the Indian government to recognize the revolt. Naik a member of the upper house of parliament has made the demand to government in one of the debate in parliament. "One of the first revolts of independence against any foreign rule had taken place in my village Cuncolim, in Goa. It has still not been recognized by the country. The villagers of Cuncolim are called ''Gaoncars'' who had revolted against the Portuguese as early as in the year 1583, which had led to the killing of the Portuguese agents, who used to harass the ''Gaoncars'' on one pretext or the other. This revolt of the ''Gaoncars'' was much before the first officially recognized War of Independence, namely, the Revolt of 1857. The Cuncolim village has had a long tradition of hospitality, especially that of political exiles. I appeal to the government of India to constitute a committee of historians and other experts for the purpose of recognizing the first revolt of independence against any foreign rule in the country. A documentary also be produced on the subject, besides including the history in the textbooks.
Naik''s demand in the country capital has found echoes in the state where the Cuncolim Chieftain’s Memorial Committee President of the Committee Dr Verisimo Coutinho has again appealed to the Goa government to act fast and include the Cuncolim revolt of 1583 in the school history books. Dr Coutinho has urged the State government to respect the feelings of Cuncolcars and Goans and to put the history in right perspective by including the first revolt of 1583 in the school curriculum. “Cuncolkars fought a war against the Portuguese for Swaraj and Swadharma. This 1583 revolt is the first revolt against any foreign rule in India, ''" he said. The Committee also welcomed the statement made by State Chief Minister, Digambar Kamat that the government would give due respect to Cuncolim history and accord due place in the school curriculum. The Cuncolim revolt has got yet another shot in the arm with the Portuguese language book written by late Adv Lingu R Davli “Historia de Cuncolim”, which has been now translated into English. Retired MES College Principal, Dr Harischandra Nagvenkar has translated the book into English. The grandson of Late Lingu Dalvi, Sunitbhaskar Dalvi and Chairman of late Adv Dattaram L Dalvi Memorial Trust, is the publisher of the translated book. The book gives a vivid evolt of the brave people of Cuncolim against the Portuguese and provided valuable socio-economic information on Cuncolim and surrounding villages. The Five Jesuits priests have since been canonized by the Roman Catholic Church. Link to earlier articles by the author on Cuncolim revolt:http://english.ohmynews.com/articlevi ew/article_view.asp?menu=c10400&no=3365 06&rel_no=1http://english.ohmynews.com/ articleview/article_view.asp?menu=c10400&am p;no=339323&rel_no=1http://www.mangalor ean.com/news.php?newsid=50760&newstype= localhttp://lists.whatwg.org/pipermail/goanet-goanet.org/2005-January/024047.html
Published: December 18, 2007   
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