Assessment of Nehru''''s Contribution to India''''s Foreign PolicyIndia achieved their right of framing their own foreign policy only after gaining independence from the British colonial yoke in 1947. A freshly independent India was embedded in a plethora of world affairs when the outside arena was of the Cold War between the two super powers - the United States (US) and the Soviet Uion (USSR). The first premiere of the country, Jawaharlal Nehru found himself in a difficult situation. Despite being Western taught and enlightened, he was personally drawn to the Marxist ideology. But any alliance with either of the two would be tantamount to be giving away of arduously won freedom. Loss of India''''s independence in the decision making procedure ever marginally was an intolerable proposal to him. So he resolved to refrain India from diplomatically involved into any of these two power blocs and encapsulated an autonomous foreign policy. This came to be known as the policy of non-alignment.He had summarized the fundamental policy capsules in a broadcast from New Delhi on 7 September, 1946 in which he put forward certain foreign policy objectives. At that time he was only an interim prime minister, because independence had not even been proclaimed. These objectives incorporated : termination of colonialism and racism, freedom from power blocs and close intimacies with China and Asian neighbours. He put it thus : "We shall take full part in international conferences as a free nation with our own policy and not merely as a satellite of another nation....We are particularly interested in the emancipation of colonial and dependent countries and peoples, and in the recognition in theory and practice of equal opportunities for all races."Therefore, non-alignment with either of the two blocs was Nehru''''s reply to the critical situation he and the nation was confronted with. Non-alignment was an intellectual coup on Nehru''''s side. In one way it was a bitter experience learnt from history. On the eve of the independence the first American president George Washington had requested his countrymen while resigning his office in 1796 : "It is our true policy to steer clear of permanent alliances with any portion of the foreign world.
.." In place of that, he preached that the New Republic should culture "just and amicable feelings toward all" nations.Nehru chiefly intended to convey the impression by non-alignment not getting embedded into any military alliances. In a very short time on the close of the Second World War, there sprouted military blocs launched by the United States and the Soviet Union. The US championed North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) and the Soviet Union had to combat it by Warsaw Pact.Second, non-alignment did not signal neutrality in world politics. Neutrality has a connotation that is really pertinent during the times of war. However, non-alignment is a positive reflection; it implied that India secured the freedom of decision making on issue that concerned her interests. There was no a priori to encourage one or the other nation engrossed in a crisis.So, in India''''s neighbourhood the US advocated South East Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) and Central Treaty Organization (CENTO) in the 1950s. These two organs were professedly supposed to wage war against communism exported by the Soviet Union. Notwithstanding India''''s neighbourhood, Pakistan participated the treaty organizations firstly to obtain military help from the US to fight against India. The membership of Pakistan of these two treaties welcomed the Cold War to the entrance of India worsening conflicts between India and Pakistan. The American weapons and support generated because of their membership of military alliances also complicated the India-US relations.Nehru had retained intimate connexions with the British Commo