The Indian national flag..., covering a journey of 40 years was finally adopted by the constituent Assemble on 22 July 1947 0n the eve of independence.
A) The first national flag in Indian was hoisted on august t, 1906 in the Parse Began Square (green park0 in Calcutta. It was composed of three horizontal stripes of red, yellow and green. The red stripe at the top had eight white lotuses embossed on it a row. On the yellow stripe, the words Vande Mataram were inscribed in deep blue. The green stripe had a white sun on the left and a white crescent and a star on the right.
B) The second flag was hoisted by Madame Cama in Stuttgart in 1907. This flag had only one lotus but seven stars denoting Saptarishis. This flag was never used in India.
C) The third flag was designed by Dr. Annie Besant and Lokamanya Tilak and hoisted at the 1917 Calcutta session of the Congress. It had five red and four green horizontal stripes, union Jack in the left hand corner, seven stars in the centre representing the Saptarishis Configuration and a crescent and a star in the right hand top corner. It was unacceptable to many people.
D) During the non- co- operation movement of 1921, a need was fell for a national flag which would inspire the freedom fighters. A flag having three colors and a Charkha was presented but not accepted by the congress. However, it was hoisted at all function until 1931.
E) A plain saffron flag a chakra in reddish brown in the extreme left hand corner was also suggested but it was not liked. Later, in the same year the three colored flag that Gandhi had approved took a new form, with the white the white band in the middle superimposed with a Charkha in blue and saffron color instead or red on top, and green below.
F) Finally, one more change was made. The Charka at the centre, on the white belt was replaced by a wheel navy blue in colony. The Charaka is the replica of the Dharma Chakra on the capital of Ashoka’s pillar at Saranath. It has 24 spokes. The colors bear no communal significance. The saffron color represents courage and sacrifice, white it is for truth and peace and green for faith and chivalry. The length and breadth of the flat is 3: 2.
* The national fag of India was adopted by the constitute Assembly on 22 July, 1947 and presented to the nation on behalf of the women of India at the mid-night session of the Assembly on August 14, 1947.