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Development, which is a process and good management of human
and natural resource, is possible when political leaders and academicians are
committed to their countries.
raising living standards and improving health, education and equality of
opportunities are essential components of economic development, and ensuring
political and civil rights is a broad development goal.
In fact, local
development is about improving the welfare of the people. Its needs are
dictated by local physical conditions rather than ideologies. Since it will be
ridiculous to categorize drinking water needs as democratic needs or left wing
needs, it is necessary to look at the local development needs from the
perspective of the local people.
physical divisions into plains, hills and mountains seem to have influenced the
imbalance in local development and its benefits to the local people.
region is about a century behind to its development perspective. The reason for
this seems to be poor technological development, inadequate means of
production, shortage of skilled manpower and low degree of political awareness.
complicated terrain crisscrossed by mountain ranges, rivers and forests has not
only isolated the villages, districts and regions from each other but also
hampered local development activities.
It is true
that with hardly adequate resources to sustain, thousands of people in the
remote mountain areas of Nepal always live at the brink of near famine
the past some efforts were made for streamlining local development needs, the
administrative machinery and network for implementation of local development
program look like inverted pyramid even today with top heavy paraphernalia but made
at the top dissipate before they can percolate down the bottom.
economists and others are of the opinion that poverty and unemployed, corruption
and lack of efficient management and the gap between economic objectives and
policies were the main factors impeding local development.
In the past,
our development process was conspicuous by concentration of available resources
in accessible areas with better potentialities for high return. This may be
obvious from the inequitable allocation of public sector development
has made some progress to human development sectors in the last four decades,
especially in education, health and transportation, the achievement is far from
satisfactory at the local level. The disparities among the haves and have-nots
advantaged and disadvantaged groups and between males and females are
responsible for the low human development record.
political capability with corresponding administrative efficiency is essential
to transform the country from backwardness to advancement. Every segment of
society, especially those who are conscious and knowledgeable, can bring about
positive change in local development.
democratic government is a must for local development. No doubt, elections to
village committee committees and district development committees have been
successful in democratizing the structure of local government.
responsibility in local development matters of this elected official and the
growing democratization of this process with the growth of consciousness have
established a structure of representative in local government. However, due to
poor governance, the people have been disenchanted with the democratization
process in general.
the past some endeavors were made for local development, the scenario is yet
not one to be encouraged. The planned development has yielded out-comes in that
a clear agenda for development has come forth. However, the fact remains that
the people's aspirations have not been yet fully net, true to the fact that
their desires have soared especially after the restoration of democracy a
shows that centralized development planning and policies were not successful as
intended despite at tempts for socio-economic development, the program
strategies were unable to respond to the real needs of the people effectively
at the local level.
In the past, a
variety of local development programs were launched in many parts of the country.
However, the impact of such projects disappeared in most cases soon after the
projects were terminated. In order to avoid such shortcomings, it is essential
to emphasize on the program approach more than the project one, development
planning and implementation, including resources generation and use should be
decentralized to the local level. The government intervention should aim at
stimulating the process but not substituting it Apart from these, the
government should also establish and effective network for monitoring and
evaluation and award those who adopt employment generating development
activities at the local level.
of resources has limited the prospects of local development. It has been
further hampered by political hurdles. The local people have not got the fruits
of development they were pledged. Therefore, local development should be
Over the past few decades, our local
development efforts failed to improve the mode of living of the majority of the
poor. Now, the emphasis is being placed on participatory development process as
a main strategy to the people centered development approach. The ultimate
purpose of the participatory development process is to change people’s choices
while engaging in the country’s diverse development activities.
participatory ideal into practice is not an easy job because it brings about a
number of practical, political and professional challenges. In any society,
expectations are bound to increase as their needs become more wide and