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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Psychology>The Characteristics of Teenager (Part One) Summary

The Characteristics of Teenager (Part One)

Academic Paper Summary   by:eagle2013    
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Adolescence is a period of transition from childhood to adulthood. In this period, the teenager undergoes many changes such as his/she body, personality, intelligence, and their role inside or outside the neighborhood. Their body looks like an adults, but they cannot be considered as adults. Their experience about adult world is not enough. Therefore, we should know the characteristics of teenager. There are some characteristics, they are: (1) Physical development. Physical condition changes quickly, it is faster than childhood and adulthood. To balance the fast development, teenagers need good nutrition (they need much more to eat and sleep). In this case, sometimes parents do not want to understand and to get angr y if their children eat and sleep too much. Teenager’s physical development can be seen obviously from legs and arms, muscles of the body growth, so that he/she looks tall, but his/she head still resembles a child’s. Many teenagers have problems with their skin, especially on faces. Owing to rapid growth, teenagers start to pay close attention to their appearance. All drawbacks are often exaggerated but for some it can result in the low self esteem and becoming reserved, if their real appearance is far from their ideal picture of themselves (2) Sexual Organ Development. Sexual organs development sometimes causes trouble such as fights, suicide, and the others. The characteristics of sexual development on boys are; the production of sperm, the testes and scrotum begin to increase in size, pubic hair begins to appear. They get menarche or on set of menstruation almost always after the peak rate of growth in height has occurred, and related quite closely to body weight, initial appearance of Downy (non-pigmented pubic hair), the increase in size of uterus and vagina and pubichair begins to appear.
If the sexual development occurs early or late, it can cause troubles for them. (3)Anxiety. Anxiety is not quite a condition that dominates teenagers. They have much curiosity which can not be always compiled with. In one hand, they want to look for experience, because it can increase and attract their knowledge in their social intercourse. Besides that, they feel that they are not able to do everything yet. They want to know all the events that happen in a wider neighborhood, but they do not dare to show some reactions or solutions to find experience and knowledge from the sources directly. Finally they are only dominated by anxiety that cause their desire unexpressed. (4)Conflict. Conflicts which occur in themselves also cause anxiety for themself or the others. Commonly conflict can become a dispute or conflict of opinions and views between teenagers and their parents. Then, this conflict may cause a desire to flee from their parents. But the desire to flee contrasted with the desire to get safe condition in their house. They do not dare to take the risks because they have left the safe condition around their family. In addition, the desire to flee is absolutely not followed by the ability to stand alone, without getting help anymore from their family especially in the matter of finance.
Published: July 16, 2011   
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