Bakuis the capital of Azerbaijan. Located on the southern shore of the Absheron Peninsula. Baku is divided into eleven administrative districts (Azizbeyov, Binagadi, Qaradagh, Narimanov, Nasimi, Nizami, Sabayil, Sabunchu, Khatai, Surakhany and Yasamal) and 48 townships.
The name Baku is widely believed to be derived from the old Persian names of the city Bad-kube, meaning "city where the wind blows", or Baghkuh, meaning "Mount of God".
The basis of Baku''s economy is petroleum. The existence of petroleum has been known since the 8th century.
The climate is hot and humid in the summer, and cool and wet in the winter. During the winter gale-force winds sweep through on occasion, driven by masses of polar air (strong northern winds Khazri and southern Gilavar are typical here)
City 2 074 300
Density 2 074,3 /km² (3,315.2/sq mi)