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Shvoong Home>Social Sciences>Sociology>What Women Do Better Summary

What Women Do Better

Article Summary   by:KOFIBENG     Original Authors: Susan V. Selgson; Anthony O. Afrane
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As any woman can attest, there are some things at which her sex naturally excels. In the past decade, academic research has offered insight into the feminine advantage: The Language Gap Studies show that, on average, women perform better in all aspects of language use, says Diane Halpern, a psychology professor at California State University. San Bernardino and author of sex differences in Cognitive Abilities. The differences show up early. Girls begin talking before boys, have larger vocabularies at an earlier age, and produce more varied and sophisticated sentences. Statistics show that girls in Grades IV, VIII and XII score higher than boys in reading and writing. This verbal superiority may last into adulthood. Studies show that women excel at certain verbal-fluency tests, such as listing multiple words that begin with the same letter. Some researchers have also found women more adept than men at learning foreign languages. More precision According to psychologist, Doreen Kimura of the University of Western Ontario, women outperform men on “precision manual tasks”. In studies involving quick, accurate, small movements, including a pegboard test (in which subjects place small pegs into holes as quickly as they can), women outdo men. Super senses Women’s noses know. In a study of 1,955 men and women, Richard L. Doty of the University of Pennsylvania Smell and Taste Centre asked randomly selected sniffers to identity scents. He found that, on average, women outperformed men. Women also have lower odour “thresholds,” meaning they can detect fainter odours than men. Women do better than men on hearing tests too. And their hearing deteriorates less rapidly than men’s over time, according to Mary Anne Baker, a psychology professor at Indian University southeast. Besides all that, women are better able to discern and later recall the location of objects in a given space, which perhaps explains why some husbands can stare into the refrigerator, eye focused directly on the milk, and ask, “Is there any milk?” Social Savvy Women smile and laugh more, gaze more directly at others, and sit or stand closer to people than men do, according to psychologist Judith Hall of Northeastern University in Boston.
In 20 studies of videotaped public gatherings, the difference was pronounced. Female doctors also smile considerably more than their male colleagues. Women interrupt less, are more likely to be complimentary, and laugh at other people’s jokes more often, reports Linda Carli, a Wellesley College psychology professor who has spent 13 years studying sex difference in social interactions. And women even disagree agreeably, as in “That’s a good point, but…” In numerous studies, women also read nonverbal cues – facial expressions, body movements, changes in tone of voice – more accurately than men do, according to Hall. Women’s faces are generally more expressive than men’s too, she says. Born To Lead As more women rise to upper management, researchers have examined difference in how men and women lead. Women tend to share power, encourage participation and boost their employees’ sense of self-worth, observes Prof. Judy B. Rosener of the graduate school of management at the University of California, Irvine. Many of the women she surveyed believe subordinates perform best when they feel good about themselves, and women tend to foster than feeling. In significant contrast, their male counterparts exercise more formal authority and care more about hierarchy, Rosener found. Women also score higher on “integrity tests designed to predict discipline problems on the job, according to Frank Schmidt, a professor of human resources at the University of Iowa. These tests – which indicate possible problems such as tardiness and a tendency to steal – showed sex difference.
Published: September 17, 2007   
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